"GLORIA" - A quick HISTORYBy Marv Goldberg© 2010 through Marv GoldbergNOTE: The versions the I cite can it is in played making use of the web links in the discography at the end of the article.
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"Gloria" is one of the most beloved song in the R&B repertoire. It"s to be sung end the years by many groups, countless of highly-questionable talent.
The track itself has a long history. It was composed by Leon René (author the "When The Swallows Come ago To Capistrano," "Someone"s Rocking my Dreamboat," "If Money grew On Trees," and "I offered My love To The Junk Man." In the mid-40s, he owned the Exclusive brand in Los Angeles (his brother, Otis René, who mutual songwriter credit on some of the above tunes, own Excelsior Records).
The very first release that "Gloria" was on Exclusive, approximately May 1946. It was purely a popular music tune, by bandleader Norman "Buddy" Baker ("Exclusive"s musical Director"), through vocal by Bob Hayward. The plan was violin-heavy, i m sorry was unusual for 1946, and also it observed no chart action. Cash box loved it; their June 24 worry said: after listening come both sides of this disk, nobody who is acquainted with the work-related of Leon Rene can help but brand him among the top numbers as a composer the "pop" music. Both "Gloria" and "Memories the Home" room ballads that ring the bell and also knock top top the door of nationwide acclaim, and they have to be permit in as welcome visitors for as lengthy as lock stay. Bob Hayward handles the vocal ~ above both sides and he has actually the voice to perform it. If there"s a complain that he sounds too lot like Sinatra, for this reason what? That"s good! The friend Baker orchestra drifts "round the voice and they perform it with great effect. I"d ar this disk anywhere, and it"ll wear chin out. The June 1946 trades discussed that to exclude, Records, in association through Bill Anderson (DJ ~ above KFWB, Los Angeles), to be sponsoring a dispute to search for a girl who typified the "Gloria" of the song. This is an additional of the heavy-handed public relations gimmicks that ns love so well. Like virtually all the others, it concerned nothing and also was never ever reported ~ above again.
The June 24 Cash Box had actually a nice photograph of Leon Rene, friend Baker, and Bob Hayward (the guy at the left was unidentified). It shows Hayward autographing the very first copy the the disc turn off the push for Rene, who expected it to "set a brand-new sales record". It would have been nice, however, had actually they actually called the record!
"Gloria" was next recorded by Johnny Moore"s 3 Blazers, likewise on Exclusive. Released in April 1947 as component of a three-record album, it featured the velvet-smooth vocals that Charles Brown. This, come me, is the definitive version of the tune.Then, in 1948, the track really take it off:Exclusive re-released the Bob Hayward document (but no the 3 Blazers) in august of 1948. The review on September 4, it obtained a 70 as an "able effort." The initial review from 1946 didn"t offer it a numbered rating, yet they preferred it a lot ("a fine sense of lullabying" and "rings the romantic bell" to be phrases used). To exclude, reorganized its new York office v the score of pushing "Gloria." since the document was over 2 years old in ~ the time, this speak me the Exclusive knew that a many interest in the track from various other artists. While this would concerned pass, it doesn"t really explain why there was all this sudden interest.The Mills Brothers exit a variation on Decca in September. Leon René himself offered it its an initial airplay top top September 30, as soon as he showed up on Jack Lacey"s Plugger Parade display (WINS - brand-new York). Since of the recurring musician"s strike, the Mills brothers substituted a ukulele for their usual guitar. (The ukulele wasn"t thought about a "serious" instrument by the union. However, their guitarist regulated to acquire a real guitar sound out of the uke.)In October, there was a variation by ray Anthony (vocal by Ronnie Deauville, ~ above Signature - this offered a celesta, possibly another instrument the union didn"t consider "serious," but there"s also a guitar and Anthony"s trumpet, and also other tools from his orchestra).Ronnie Deauville (without beam Anthony, ~ above Mercury, through a cover of "It"s Too soon To Know" ~ above the flip). The had complete instrumentation and was also from October.The Varsity Orchestra (on Varsity, with vocal and orchestration). Another October entry.Buddy Clark ~ above Columbia (a cappella, backed by the Modernaires and also the Skylarks). The last October 1948 entry.The four Gabriels on people (with a celesta and guitar). This one was from November.Tommy Dorsey and also his orchestra, vocal by the Sentimentalists. This one was videotaped for the AFRS (Armed pressures Radio Service) "One Night Stand" collection on November 23, 1948. This discs were broadcast to our equipped Forces, not released commercially. The Sentimentalists were, at the time, George Deane, Ronald Martin, Alice Masker, Barbara Babineau, and Joe Duffy.Although beam Anthony"s version gained a many airplay, only the Mills Brothers had a hit through the tune (taking it to #17 in an 11-week run on the popular music charts).
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|The Mills Brothers||Mills brothers record||Mills brothers ad||Ray Anthony ad||Ray Anthony||Ray & Ronnie||Ronnie Deauville||Ronnie Deauville- Mercury||Varsity Orchestra record||Buddy Clark||Buddy Clark record||Four Gabriels record||Tommy Dorsey record|
By 1954, the Cadillacs picked up ~ above the song. I"m not sure where they acquired it from; probably someone"s parent had one that the older documents lying around the house. It"s also feasible that that was offered to lock by your manager, Esther Navarro, who, in any kind of event, dumbed under the lyrics and also made certain her name was noted as writer
In 1959, Jubilee/Josie issued The stunner Cadillacs LP, which had "Gloria." The album offered well and also this became the an initial time that most listeners had ever heard the Cadillacs" version. Since this took ar at the beginning of the very first "Golden age Of Oldies," many, countless street corner groups started practicing the song, utilizing the Cadillacs" lyrics. Suddenly, they were being recorded advertisement nauseam by one team after another. It appeared as if these lyrics would remain the just ones ever before sung again, but, interestingly, a white group called the Love Notes tape-recorded "Gloria" because that Wilshire in might of 1963, using lyrics that were closer come the initial than to those of the Cadillacs.
It turns out the Leon René never ever sued Esther Navarro, simply since he was unaware that the Cadillacs" recording. (As the song has actually reached mythical status, over the years everyone has assumed the the Cadillacs had actually a huge chart hit, in truth, their sales were totally dismal outside the brand-new York area