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The an initial step in learning exactly how to bland is getting comfortable through your sewing an equipment and understanding just how it works. Even if girlfriend don"t have the same an equipment I"m using, the simple parts and also principals are the same. In this lesson we"re walk to discover the components of ours machine, learn just how to object needles, readjust needles, wind bobbins, adjust thread tension and also sew our first few stitches!


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Stitch Selector - this dial allows you pick what kind of stitch you desire to use. My an equipment has 14 stitch options and a setting that lets you create buttonholes. ~ above some, machines like this one, the stitch width selector is additionally on this dial.

You are watching: Which way do you turn the handwheel on a sewing machine

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Stitch size Selector - this dial allows you readjust the length of your stitches for various applications. Different sewing devices will have different maximum stitch lengths.

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Hand Wheel - the hand wheel lets you manually relocate the needle up and also down.

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Backstitch Lever - pushing down on this lever while friend sew makes the device sew backwards.

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Thread Spool Pin- this is whereby the spool for the optimal thread of the an equipment sits.

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Bobbin Winding Spindle - as soon as you have to wind thread ~ above a brand-new bobbin, you put the bobbin below to be wound.

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Thread Take-up Lever - this is critical part that the stitching system that move the thread up and down as you sew.

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Thread Guides - these define the route your optimal thread complies with from spool come needle, regularly in slightly different positions top top different machine models.

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Thread stress and anxiety Wheel - lets you readjust how conveniently the peak thread feeds through the machine as girlfriend sew.

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Presser Foot - lowers to hold the towel in place as friend sew, and also can be adjusted for certain sewing situations.

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Presser Foot Lifter - a bar at the back of the maker that raises and also lowers the presser foot for this reason you deserve to insert and also remove fabric and change presser feet.

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Needle Plate - a metal plate in the bed of the device beneath the presser foot with an opening that enables the needle to fulfill the bobbin below. Likewise contains the feed dogs which move the cloth forward together you sew.

Extension Table/Storage Box - many machines have actually a removable ar here. Keeping the extension table in place provides you a larger sewing surface, if removing it turns the bed of the machine into a complimentary arm that permits you come sew small hard to reach pieces and loops like sleeves. On some machines, prefer mine, this removable section is additionally a little storage box where you keep extra bobbins, needles, presser feet etc.

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All equipments will additionally have a failure assembly in the bed that the machine which is either "top loading" or "bottom loading". The failure on this an equipment is bottom loading and you accessibility it by remove the extension table and also flipping under a tiny panel.

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Inside this panel you will discover the shuttle which holds the removable fail case.

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On the best side the the an equipment (or occasionally the back) girlfriend will find the power switch, which also usually transforms on a little light above the presser foot. This light is very useful to aid you see little details when you"re sewing, so make sure it"s working.

This side of the an equipment also has a socket that takes the strength cord. The power cord splits to affix to both a wall socket, and also a foot pedal which is exactly how you regulate the machine. When you set up her machine, it"s ideal to put it close to the sheet of a table or desk, near a convenient wall surface socket, where the foot pedal can quickly reach the floor.

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Inside the hand wheel, i m sorry is also on this side, countless machines have actually a 2nd wheel dubbed the stop motion knob. This wheel disables the rest of the an equipment while you wind a bobbin.

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Some devices come v a couple of additional simple features the mine lacks.

For example, a lot of machines also have a dial that adjusts the pressure of the presser foot. This deserve to be useful to aid accommodate different thicknesses and types of fabric. An additional common feature is the capability to move the needle place from left to right. This can be beneficial when sewing towel edges, or using devoted presser feet.


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Hold the needle if you turn the clamp screw top top the best side that the needle tower towards girlfriend to loosen the needle. (On my machine this screw has actually a flat head the you have the right to turn through your fingers, however on some machines you require a tiny screwdriver).

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If there"s an old needle in there, it have to come the end easily. Insert a brand-new needle and tighten the screw again.

my machine, and most home machines, take typical home machine needles the are level on one next of the peak shaft. This level side should always face towards the ago of the maker when you insert the needle.

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The foot holder screws top top the presser bar, and then different types of presser feet have the right to be conveniently attached and also removed indigenous the foot holder. Come attach details kinds that feet you periodically take off the entirety foot holder together well.

To attach the foot holder, advanced the needle the end of the way, to the right the foot holder over the finish of the presser bar, insert the thumb screw and tighten it v a little screwdriver.

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To remove a foot, simply press the tiny lever on the ago of the foot holder.

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To connect a foot, progressive the presser foot lifter, and also position a foot under the foot holder.

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Lower the presser foot lifter so the holder snaps onto the foot.

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Then take it an north bobbin and stick the finish of the thread with the feet in the height of the bobbin like this: (You can also wind on optimal of a spool that has some thread on that already, however you shouldn"t carry out that uneven you have to).

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push the bobbin under onto the fail winder spindle, and also push the entirety thing come the right.

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Before you in reality wind the failure you should disable the attributes of the rest of the machine so the presser foot doesn"t simply pound up and also down pointlessly. On mine machine, you hold the handwheel through your left hand and also turn the stop activity knob in the facility of the handwheel towards you through your appropriate hand.

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Now organize the end of the thread the is sticking the end of the bobbin when you push down on the foot pedal. The bobbin should begin to spin and thread need to start winding roughly it. After ~ it has actually wound a couple of times, stop and cut off the finish of the subject close come the bobbin, then save winding till it is full. Part machines have actually a mechanism that instantly stops the bobbin from spinning once it"s full, yet you can also just prevent it manually.

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Cut the thread between the spool and the bobbin, take the bobbin turn off the spindle and push the spindle back to the left hand position. Additionally make certain you turn the stop movement wheel far from girlfriend again, or the maker won"t sew!


Every maker has a slightly various threading design, yet they are based on the same principal. Look at your machine"s hand-operated to see specifically how to thread yours. Many of the moment you desire to usage a peak thread the same color as your bobbin thread, however for our objectives here, let"s fill thread of a difference color.

First, turn the handwheel until the subject uptake bar pops out of it"s slot. Stop it at its greatest point.

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Now, put a spool of object on the object spool pin, and guide the thread v the optimal cover object guide and then the upper thread guide.

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Next, loop the thread indigenous the left next down around the bottom the the inspect spring holder, increase the right side and into the eye the the thread uptake bar by pulling it up from left to right.

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Thread the two lower thread guides and also then the needle bar thread guide.

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Last, pass the thread v the eye the the needle from front to back, then pull the object under and ago between the forked prongs the the foot.

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First take it the bobbin case out of the machine if it"s in there. On my machine, which is bottom loading, pull off the table extension and also open the panel below the needle plate. Remove the bobbin native the shuttle by grabbing the little metal latch ~ above the front of the fail case, and also pulling that out.

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To insert a brand-new bobbin right into the case hold it in one hand v the little protrusion sticking upward. In your various other hand, organize your bobbin v the finish of the object coming down off the right side for this reason the failure looks prefer a lowercase "q" no a "p".

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Stick the bobbin into the case, then grab the finish of the thread and guide it through the the slot in the next of the instance until you feel it pop. Leave about 4 inch of thread hanging out.

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Now take the case and also hold it by the latch lever, the same way you did as soon as you eliminated it indigenous the shuttle. Stick it back into the shuttle and also rotate that a little until you feel it pop right into place. When you relax the bar it need to stay in the shuttle.

Make sure you close the panel end the bobbin shuttle as soon as you"re done.

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Now you need to attract the bobbin subject up over the needle plate. Advanced the presser foot. Grab the finish of the peak thread v your left hand when you revolve the handwheel in the direction of you with your appropriate hand so the needle dips down and also then up again. Pull on the object in her left hand and also you need to see the fail thread appear as a loop listed below the foot.

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pull on the top thread till you deserve to grab the failure thread, periodically you should stick something under the presser foot to aid you pull the thread out. Ns seam-ripper functions well for this.

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Now that you"ve obtained your device all set up and also threaded, it"s time to actually shot sewing!

Cut a piece of check fabric, because that your very first sewing tests, it"s a an excellent idea to use a medium weight cotton choose a quilting cotton, muslin or lighter canvas.

Set the the stitch selector to the right stitch setting, on my device you carry out this by transforming the dial to "B".

To start out with, collection the stitch size dial in between 2 and also 3 and also the thread stress wheel come the argued average stress and anxiety (on my an equipment this is between 3 and also 5 and is indicated by a parentheses in the dial).

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Sit under on a chair in front of her machine, make sure the an equipment is at a comfortable height for you to reach. Raise the presser foot and also the needle and also make certain at the very least 3 inches of object ends are coming the end under and also behind the foot.

Now put your scrap piece of cloth under the foot and lower it.

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Place a hand tenderness on each side that the fabric, and press under lightly through your foot on the foot pedal till the machine starts to sew.

The towel will normally feed under the foot together the machine sews, so every you have to do is overview it easy in the ideal direction v your hands on each side the the fabric. As you have the right to tell, pushing down more tough on the foot provides the device sew faster, so exercise regulating the rate until you get comfortable.

Be conscious of whereby your hands room in relation to the needle. Sewing ~ above a home machine is fairly safe, yet if you gain your hand captured under the needle if it"s moving, there"s a great chance it will certainly puncture her finger. Mishaps do happen, so be aware, be careful, bland consciously and also intentionally.

To prevent sewing, stop pressing down on the foot pedal, and also make certain the needle is lifted out of the fabric (if the isn"t, turn the handwheel toward you come raise it). Progressive the presser foot and also pull the fabric out. The thread need to pull out easily from the machine, if it appears stuck in ~ all, wiggle the handwheel together you pull the fabric away.

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Cut the threads with a object snipper, or by utilizing the constructed in subject cutter behind the presser foot. Make certain there are at least 3 inches of loosened thread coming the end of the an equipment before you begin sewing again.

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Practice sewing a couple of lines of stitches. Pay fist to the sound your maker makes together you sew. Similar to with a car, understanding what a sewing device sounds like as soon as it is running properly will assist you recognize when other isn"t right. My machine is on the loud side, particularly in this videos, so don"t assume your maker will sound the same. If your maker ever gets especially loud or sounds like it is stuck or straining, it could need some attention.


When you have actually practiced a bit, take the end your fabric and also take a close watch at her stitches.

Sometimes the stress and anxiety on the height thread and also bobbin thread needs to be readjusted so her stitches room interlocking correctly. ~ above a effectively tensioned stitch, the ar where the two threads loop approximately each various other will be concealed inside the fabric, and also the stitches will look favor this:

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If your stress and anxiety is off, the threads native one side will certainly be traction up top top the various other side and also will appear as tiny dots between the much longer stitches favor this:

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Stitches the look like this aren"t as solid as darn with suitable tension due to the fact that the tighter object is simply running in a straight line and can be pulled out too easily.

We can see this plainly here due to the fact that we are using a different shade of thread on the bobbin and the spool (which is no what girlfriend will typically do). If the optimal thread stress and anxiety is also loose, us will watch blue dots top top the bottom of the fabric between the red stitches. In this case, rotate the thread anxiety dial to a slightly greater number and try sewing again until the stitches look at right.

If the optimal thread anxiety is also tight, us will check out red dots on the peak of the fabric in between the blue stitches. In this case, turn the thread anxiety dial come a slightly lower number and try sewing again until the stitches look right.

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If transforming the stress and anxiety dial a little in one of two people direction doesn"t fix the problem, you may have actually to change the stress on the bobbin thread. To execute this, take it the bobbin case out of the shuttle. If girlfriend look in ~ it closely, girlfriend will check out a tiny screw on one side, transforming this screw adjusts the tension of the failure thread. Transforming the screw clockwise tightens the tension, transforming it counterclockwise loosens it. You normally only have to turn the a little.

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If you room seeing the peak thread coming v as tiny dots top top the bottom of the fabric in between the stitches, that means the bobbin subject it as well tight, so revolve the screw counterclockwise.

If you room seeing the bobbin subject coming through to the optimal of the towel as tiny dots in between the stitches, that means the bobbin subject it too loose, so turn the screw clockwise.

Put the bobbin ago in and try sewing again.


Once your tension is right, try adjusting the stitch length by transforming the stitch length dial, and also sewing to watch what different length stitches look like. Various stitch length have the right to be an excellent for various purposes. Longer stitches are often better for top-stitching that is going to be visible, but shorter stitches are stronger. Seams room usually sewn at a setting of about 2.5, and topstitching looks an excellent around 3.

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Play approximately with sewing straightforward lines, the much more you practice, the better you"ll be.

Try sewing a line parallel come the sheet of the fabric: use the sheet of the foot, or one of the seam guides as a reference. As you sew, keep your eye on the appropriate hand sheet of the fabric, no the needle, this will aid you darn straighter lines.

Try backstitching: in ~ the beginning and end of many lines of stitching, you should lock her stitches by sewing backward and forward. Exercise this by protecting against at the finish of a seam, then pressing the backstitch lever and the foot pedal in ~ the exact same time come sew backwards a few stitches. Try to sew earlier exactly in the stitches you simply made so your sewing watch neat.

Try changing stitch direction: once you have to make a sharp corner with her sewing line, prevent sewing, rotate the handwheel so the needle drops down right into the towel (if the isn"t already), then raise the presser foot and rotate the fabric around the needle to a brand-new position. Drop the presser foot and also keep sewing.

See more: Does L Oven Fresh Garlic Bread Need To Be Refrigerated ? (2021)

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Try sewing bent lines: attract a curved pattern on your fabric and try following it through your stitches. When you start to obtain off monitor you deserve to stop, reduced your needle, raise her presser foot and turn the cloth a little so you room going in the right direction again as I"m act in this video. Don"t worry if yours look at a little bit messy, this is tough stuff, and also we"ll go over it an ext later.

In the following lesson we"ll put these new sewing skills to use by learning exactly how to topstitch, and sew seams!


"id": "quiz-1", "question": "The basic stitch sewn by many sewing equipments is called:", "answers": < "title": "basting stitch", "correct": false , "title": "lock stitch", "correct": true , "title": "overlock stitch", "correct": false >, "correctNotice": "Well Done!", "incorrectNotice": "Try Again" "id": "quiz-2", "question": "If the bobbin subject is reflecting on the height of your towel when you sew, you should try:", "answers": < "title": "decreasing the peak thread tension", "correct": true , "title": "increasing the top thread tension", "correct": false , "title": "increasing the presser foot pressure", "correct": false >, "correctNotice": "Well Done!", "incorrectNotice": "Try Again" "id": "quiz-3", "question": "When you fill a bobbin into the failure case, orient the so that looks choose a:", "answers": < "title": "lower situation p", "correct": false , "title": "lower case q", "correct": true , "title": "lower instance b", "correct": false >, "correctNotice": "Well Done!", "incorrectNotice": "Try Again"