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Glossary

allotropes Some elements exist in several different structural forms, referred to as allotropes. Each allotrope has different physical properties.

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For much more information on the Visual aspects image see the Uses and also properties ar below.


Discovery date prehistoric
found by -
beginning of the name The surname is acquired either indigenous the Sanskrit "sulvere", or the Latin "sulfurium".
Allotropes α-S (orthorhombic), β-S (monoclinic), S2, S3, cyclo-S8

Glossary

GroupA vertical tower in the periodic table. Members the a group frequently have comparable properties and electron configuration in their outer shell.

PeriodA horizontal heat in the periodic table. The atomic variety of each facet increases through one, analysis from left come right.

BlockElements room organised into blocks through the orbital kind in which the outer electrons room found. This blocks are called for the characteristic spectra castle produce: spicy (s), major (p), diffuse (d), and fundamental (f).

Atomic numberThe number of protons in an atom.

Electron configurationThe species of electrons above the critical (closed shell) noble gas.

Melting pointThe temperature in ~ which the solid liquid phase change occurs.

Boiling point The temperature in ~ which the liquid gas phase readjust occurs.

SublimationThe change of a substance directly from the solid to the gas phase without passing through a fluid phase.

Density (g cm−3)Density is the mass of a problem that would certainly fill 1 cm3 at room temperature.

Relative atom massThe massive of an atom loved one to the of carbon-12. This is approximately the amount of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. Where an ext than one isotope exists, the value offered is the abundance weight average.

IsotopesAtoms the the same aspect with different numbers the neutrons.

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CAS numberThe chemistry Abstracts company registry number is a distinctive identifier that a details chemical, designed to protect against confusion occurring from different languages and also naming systems.