Inthis series of lessons, you will learnuseful spelling rulesinEnglish.This lesson will provide you valuable guidelines so the you know exactly how toproperly spell adverbsyou want to form from adjectives.

You are watching: What is the guideline when adding ly to a word


Downloada cost-free worksheet + answer key.As you know, an adjective in English defines anoun. One adverb defines a verb,anadjective, an additional adverb, or even an entire sentence.Most adverbs have actually a unique ending: -ly.You can kind adverbs indigenous someadjectives, but you should be careful of the spelling.Here are some rules to help you.

1. Adding -ly come the end of the adjective

Mark is running quicklyto catch his bus.

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Many adjectives have the right to be transformed right into adverbs. In many cases, we dothis by simply adding -ly come the finish of the adjective.Here room some examples:suddenlybrightlyslowlymysteriouslyreallyinterestinglypolitelykindlygenerouslycalmlynervouslygenerally

2. Adjectives ending in -y

Fred looked hungrilyat his large ice cream cone.
When the adjective you want to make right into an adverb end in -y, you need to changethe y come ani, then add -ly.Here space some usual examples:happilyangrilyclumsilylazilyhastilymessilyreadilystealthilycozily

3.Adjectives that end in -le

Marlene is sitting comfortablyin her favourite chair.
When the adjective ends in -le,remove the eand change it with a y.For example:terriblyincrediblyadorablyacceptablyunderstandablynoticeablyrecognizablypredictablysuitablyremarkably

4. Comparative and superlative adverbs

Dave"s automobile is moving much more slowlythan Ethan"s car.
Finally, as soon as you desire to form a comparativeor a superlative adverb,you should add "more" prior to the adverb to do it comparative, and"most" to make it superlative.For example:Correct: Paul spoke an ext politely 보다 Erica.Incorrect: Paul spoke politelier than Erica.Correct: I observed the many amazingly beautiful movie yesterday!Incorrect:I witnessed the amazingliestbeautiful movie yesterday!Remember the the adverb wellis irregular. That is comparative form is better, and also itssuperlative type is best.Correct: note did better on the test 보다 I did, however Amanda walk the best.Incorrect:Mark did more well on the test than I did, yet Amanda did the many well.


So, let"s review what we have learned around forming adverbs in English:Most adjectives that have the right to be transformed right into adverbs simplyneed -lyadded come the end.If the adjective end in -y, you need to changethe y come i, then add -ly.If the adjective ends in -le, you shouldremove the eand include -y.To kind a compare adverb, add "more" before it. To makeit superlative, add "most." Remember the the adverb "well" isirregular.

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