One that the many important contents of a sentence is the adjective. This component of speech is so typical that people use it virtually automatically, both in speech and in writing. For you to recognize the principle of adjectives better this short article will answer the adhering to questions:

What is an adjective?What are the functions of adjectives?What space the various kinds of adjectives?What are the levels of adjectives?

Aside from comment the straightforward questions and also defining the associated terms, various examples will additionally be included in this brief write-up.

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What is an Adjective and also its Functions?

An adjective is a part of decided which describes, identifies, or quantifies a noun or a pronoun. For this reason basically, the main role of an adjective is to change a noun or a pronoun so that it will certainly become more specific and interesting. Rather of simply one word, a group of words with a subject and also a verb, can also duty as one adjective. When this happens, the group of indigenous is called an adjective clause.

For example:

For example: My brother, who is much older 보다 I am, is one astronaut.

In the instance above, the underlined clause modifies the noun ”brother.” however what if the team of native doesn’t have a subject and a verb? What perform you think the resulting group of words will certainly be called?

If girlfriend think it’s called an adjective phrase, you are right. As you could recall, phrases and clauses are both teams of words and also the main distinction is the clauses have subjects and also verbs, if phrases don’t.

For example: She is prettier 보다 you.

What space the various Kinds that Adjectives?


Now that you already know the answer to the question, “What is one adjective?” you should know that no all adjectives space the same. They change nouns and pronouns differently, and just prefer the other parts of speech, there are different kinds that adjectives. This are:

1. Descriptive Adjectives

Among the different kinds the adjectives, descriptive adjectives are most likely the most common ones. They just say something around the quality or the sort of the noun or pronoun they’re introduce to.


Erika is witty.She is tired.Adrian’s reflexes room amazing.2. Adjectives of Number or adjective of Quantity

As the surname suggests, this kind of adjective answers the question, “How many?” or “How much?”


Twenty-one students failure the exam.The plants need much more water.3. Demonstrative Adjectives

Demonstrative adjectives point out pronouns and also nouns, and always come before the indigenous they are referring to.


I offered to purchase this kind of shirts.When the old man tripped over that wire, he dropped a entirety bag of groceries.4. Possessive Adjectives

Obviously, this sort of adjectives reflects ownership or possession. As well as that, possessive adjectives always come before the noun.


I can’t answer my seatwork since I don’t have actually a calculator.Trisha offered his dog.5. Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative adjectives ask questions and also are always followed by a noun.


What movie space you watching?Which plants have to be inserted over here?

What room the levels of Adjectives?

There are just three degrees or level of adjectives (also well-known as levels of comparison) namely, positive, comparative, and also superlative. As soon as you talk about or explain only a single person, place, or thing, you must use the confident degree.


She is a beautiful lady.It to be a memorable trip.

If ~ above the various other hand, you room comparing two persons, places, or things, it is appropriate to usage the comparative degree of the word. Normally, you will need to include “-er” to transform the word into its comparative form or include the indigenous “more.” Also, words “than” must be added after the adjective in the comparative degree.


This swimming pool is bigger than that one.Ashley is more intelligent 보다 Aldrin.

*Note: because that words finishing in “y,” you should an initial change the “y” into “i,” and also then include “-er” (e.g., lovely-lovelier; pretty- prettier; tasty- tastier)

Lastly, if you space comparing more than 2 things, the superlative kind of the adjectives need to be used and the indigenous “the” have to be included before the adjective. In stimulate to change the adjective into its superlative form, you just have to include the suffix “-est” or words “most.”


That is by far, the tallest tree ns have ever before seen in my entire life.This is the most critical match that the season.

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*Note: because that words finishing in “y,” friend should first change the “y” into “i,” and then add “-est” (e.g., lovely-loveliest; pretty- prettiest; tasty- tastiest)

Final Thoughts

This write-up entitled “Basic Grammar: What is an Adjective?” have the right to be an extremely helpful because that beginners who want to enhance their grammar skills and ace the English subject. If you really have a deep understanding of what is an adjective, you will surely be able to use this concept to your compositions properly. Simply remember the although adjective seem a small trivial, an efficient use the this part of speech deserve to actually strengthen her writing.