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A1c (Hemoglobin A1c / HbA1c)A test that procedures the median blood glucose level end the past 2 come 3 months. It mirrors the quantity of glucose the is attached to a red blood cell, to express in percentage (%).

Artificial PancreasAn investigational maker designed to mimic a human being pancreas by combine an insulin pump v a consistent glucose sensor.


BasalA slow continuous delivery the insulin, i m sorry keeps blood glucose level stable in between meals and during sleep. A basal price is measure in devices per hour.

BG (Blood Glucose / Blood Sugar)The level that glucose in the blood, measure up in mg/dL.

BolusA quick dose of insulin the is ceded to covering food consumed or elevated blood glucose.


CannulaThe tiny, flexible section of the infusion set that is inserted under the skin through which insulin is delivered.

Carb ratio (Insulin-to-Carbohydrate Ratio)The variety of grams of carbohydrate the one unit of insulin will cover.

Carbohydrate (Carb)Sugars and starches that the human body breaks down to glucose and uses as an power source, measure in grams.

Certified Diabetes education (CDE)A healthcare professional that has experience working v diabetes, has fulfilled one-of-a-kind requirements, and also passed a board exam to it is in certified come instruct people in diabetes self-management.

CGM (Continuous Glucose Monitor)A continuous glucose screen (CGM) is a handheld personal monitoring an equipment that uses wireless technology to collection glucose readings native a small sensor placed under the skin.

Correction BolusA dose of insulin given to correct an elevated blood glucose level.

Correction aspect (Insulin Sensitivity Factor)The amount of blood glucose (mg/dL) that is lower by one unit of insulin.


Dawn PhenomenonA increase in blood glucose levels in the beforehand morning hrs caused by boost of hormone.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA / Ketoacidosis)An emergency problem in which incredibly high blood glucose levels, in addition to a severe lack of insulin, an outcome in the failure of body fat because that energy and an accumulation of ketones in the blood and also urine.

Duration that Insulin action (DIA / Insulin Duration)The amount of time the insulin is energetic and available in the human body after a bolus has been delivered. It is additionally used in the calculation because that Insulin on plank (IOB).


Extended BolusA bolus the is delivered over a set duration of time.

EndocrinologistA physician that is board certified come treat hormone related problems including diabetes.


Food BolusA dose of insulin the is taken before meals or snacks come cover the expected increase in blood glucose indigenous the food. Food boluses are generally matched come the carbohydrate contents of the food.


GastroparesisA problem that slow stomach emptying and also digestion.

Gestational DiabetesA diabetes the is diagnosed during pregnancy.

Glucagon Emergency KitA kit containing glucagon (a hormone that quickly increases blood glucose) and also a syringe provided to treat significant hypoglycemia. Glucagon needs a prescription and is administered as an injection by someone else.

GlucoseThe primary resource of power for the body the breaks under from food, mainly carbohydrate and also is additionally produced through the liver. The is regularly referred to together blood sugar.


HyperglycemiaHigh blood glucose or high blood sugar.

HypoglycemiaLow blood glucose, short blood street or insulin reaction.


Infusion set (Insertion Set)A complete tubing mechanism that is attached to the end of the cartridge of the pump and also connects come the body at the infusion site, v which insulin is delivered.

Infusion site (Insertion Site)The area on the body into which the cannula or needle room inserted.

Injection / Infusion site RotationChanging the areas on the body wherein insulin is injected. This applies to one of two people syringe injections or insulin pump infusion sets. Rotation avoids the formation of lipodystrophies (defect in the breaking down or building up of fat below the surface of the skin), i beg your pardon can result in lumps or little dents in the skin surface.

InsulinA hormone (produced by beta cells in the pancreas) the helps the body use glucose because that energy.

Insulin PumpA little medical machine that delivers an exact amounts of short or rapid-acting insulin into the body in the treatment of diabetes. The two settings of distribution are basal and bolus.

Intermediate-Acting InsulinA type of insulin the starts to reduced blood glucose in ~ 1 to 2 hrs after injection and also has its strongest impact 6 come 12 hrs after injection, relying on the form used.

Insulin ResistanceA condition that makes it harder for the cell to correctly use insulin. Occurs in kind 2 diabetes before the body stops creating enough insulin.


KetonesA garbage product that accumulates once glucose is not obtainable and fat is supplied for energy.


LancetA fine, spicy pointed needle because that pricking the skin to attain a drop of blood for glucose monitoring.

Long-Acting InsulinA type of insulin the starts to reduced blood glucose levels in ~ 1 hour after ~ injection and works evenly for 12 come 24 hrs after injection. This is replaced with very tiny doses of rapid-acting insulin ceded as basal insulin with pump therapy.


mg/dLThe abbreviation for milligrams that glucose every deciliter of blood (unit for measuring blood glucose levels).


OcclusionA clog or blockage connected with the infusion set and/or infusion website that have the right to stop or sluggish insulin delivery. One occlusion is commonly caused by the cannula being pinched, kinked, dislodged or blocked by the formation of insulin crystals.


NephropathyDisease of the kidneys led to by damages to the small blood vessels that may happen due to prolonged high blood glucose. People with diabetes must be monitored annually to detect early transforms in the kidneys.

NeuropathyNerve damages that may be brought about by prolonged high exposure to high blood glucose. This can cause pain, numbness and tingling (especially in the hand or feet), impotence, silent cardiac conditions and also slower than regular digestion.


PancreasAn organ located behind the lower component of the stomach. The beta cell in the pancreas develop the hormone insulin.


Rapid-Acting InsulinA type of insulin v the many rapid onset (10 minutes) which works much more quickly in ~ lowering your blood glucose.

RetinopathyA condition of the little blood ship in the retina of the eye that may be resulted in by prolonged high blood glucose. A human with diabetes need to be monitored on an annual basis to detect any type of changes and receive therapy to protect against loss the vision.


Somogyi result (Rebound impact / cant Hyperglycemia)A condition in which counter-regulatory or stress hormones space released in reaction come a low blood sugar and also cause the liver to relax too much glucose resulting in a cant hyperglycemia. Frequently occurs overnight and tends to reason high blood glucose levels.

SMBG (Self-Monitoring that Blood Glucose)Checking blood glucose through a blood glucose meter. This actions should be accompanied by a plan of action to respond come the results and also discussed v the healthcare experienced treating the diabetes during each visit.

Short-Acting InsulinA form of insulin the starts to lower blood glucose within 30 minutes after injection and also has the strongest result 2 come 5 hours after injection.


Type 1 DiabetesA problem in which beta cells in the pancreas room destroyed, staying clear of the human body from creating insulin. People with type 1 diabetes have to use insulin come treat this. Formerly known as Juvenile start Diabetes or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, IDDM.

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Type 2 DiabetesA problem in i beg your pardon the pancreas either makes too small insulin or the human body loses the ability to usage the insulin the produces. Over time, the pancreas might stop developing insulin. Type 2 diabetes may be treated with lifestyle changes (healthy eating and also physical activity), oral medications, insulin, or other injectable medications. Previously known as Adult-Onset Diabetes or Non-Insulin dependency Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM).