The metric system provides a logical method to theorem numbers and mathematical thinking. The device is organized by giving names to each order that magnitude; that is, every time zeros are added to the location value (ones, tens, hundreds, thousands, etc.), metric device prefixes are supplied to suggest the value. Take a look in ~ the most usual metric system prefixes and also where you’ll uncover them.


*
metric system prefixes millimeter on ruler

Common Metric mechanism Prefixes and also Definitions

Metric mechanism prefixes come prior to a simple unit of measure to show a many (or submultiple) of the unit. Simple metric units and also what they measure up include:

meter (length)gram (mass)liter (volume)second (time)

Prefixes are added as location values room added. For example, including kilo- come the unit “meter” makes “kilometer,” or one thousands meters. But including milli- to “meter” creates “millimeter,” which method one thousandth the a meter. Below is a table of the most typically used metric prefixes that have the right to be added to the basic units of measurement.

You are watching: What is one thousandth of a meter

Metric Prefix

Notation

Place Value

pico-

0.000000000001

trillionth

nano-

0.000000001

billionth

micro-

0.000001

millionth

milli-

0.001

thousandth

centi-

0.01

hundredth

deci-

0.1

tenth

1

one (no prefix)

deca-

10

ten

hecta-

100

hundred

kilo-

1,000

thousand

mega-

1,000,000

million

giga-

1,000,000,000

billion

tera-

1,000,0000,000,000

trillion

Metric mechanism prefixes administer a simple way to understand exactly what every unit the measurement stands for in the metric system, because the prefixes call you how much larger a unit is 보다 the basic unit. Take a look in ~ the most frequently used metric prefixes because that length, mass, volume, and time.


Metric Prefixes because that Length

When she measuring just how long miscellaneous is v the metric system, you usage meters. Below are the prefixes most typically used with the word “meter” to define length.

Metric Prefix

Place value Definition

Usage for Length

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milliliter, milligram

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centimeter

deci-

0.1(tenth)

decimeter

1(one)

meter (no prefix for base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decameter (or dekameter)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectometer

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilometer


Metric Prefixes for Mass

Measurements that mass tell you exactly how much matter things contains. The basic unit for load is grams, and it arrays from a metric ton come a tiny milligram. Here are the prefixes because that metric dimensions of mass.

Metric Prefix

Place value Definition

Usage because that Mass

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milligram

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centigram

deci-

0.1(tenth)

decigram

1(one)

gram (no prefix for base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decagram (or dekagram)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectogram

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilogram

mega-

1,000,000(million)

megagram (metric ton)


advertising

Metric Prefixes because that Volume

If you desire to know exactly how much room an thing takes up, measure its volume with liters. Large volumes are measured in kiloliters, while little volumes are generally measured in milliliters. Right here are the most usual metric prefixes and also their meanings for volume measurement.

Metric Prefix

Place Value

Usage for Length

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

milliliter

centi-

0.01(hundredth)

centiliter

deci-

0.1(tenth)

deciliter

1(one)

liter (no prefix for base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decaliter (or dekaliter)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectoliter

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kiloliter


Metric Prefixes for Time

You may have heard the native “nanosecond” or “millisecond” before, but what around “decasecond?” the less usual in daily life 보다 in a chemistry or physics report, yet multiples the time usage metric prefixes together well. Take a watch at this prefixes used to measure time.

Metric Prefix

Place value Definition

Usage for size (Common Units)

nano-

0.00001 (billionth)

nanosecond

micro-

0.0001(millionth)

microsecond

milli-

0.001(thousandth)

millisecond

1(one)

second (no prefix because that base unit)

deca- (or deka-)

10(ten)

decasecond (0.17 minutes)

hecto-

100(hundred)

hectosecond (1.67 minutes)

kilo-

1,000(thousand)

kilosecond (16.7 minutes)

mega-

1,000,000

(million)

megasecond (11.6 days)

giga-

1,000,000,000(billion)

(31.7 years)


Everyday instances of Metric device Prefixes

A couple of metric prefixes have become common in areas of language not pertained to measurement. For example, mega- is often added to any type of word colloquially to show that something is an extremely large.

The Mega Millions jackpot is huge this weekend.The mega-monster is certain to be featured in the movie"s sequel.Be sure to stop at the store’s mega-savings revenue tomorrow.We can’t hear you; use the megaphone to speak.

Likewise, micro- has end up being common to show that miscellaneous is an extremely small.

See more: Factor Of 3X^2-5X-2 - Solve Simplification Or Other Simple Results

That micro-apartment in Manhattan quiet costs an ext than I can afford.There"s a fancy new microbrewery opening under the street.Use the microscope to check the blood sample.I can research past newspapers using the microfiche.
advertisement