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Date:c. 1000 - c. 1600...(Show more)Key People:Ibn BattutaMusa i of MaliSundiata Keita...(Show more)Related Topics:Malinke...(Show more)Related Places:MaliMauritaniaGuineaKangaba...(Show more)

Mali, trading empire that thrived in west Africa indigenous the 13th to the 16th century. The Mali empire developed from the state that Kangaba, on the top Niger River east of the Fouta Djallon, and also is claimed to have actually been founded prior to 1000 ce. The Malinke citizens of Kangaba acted together middlemen in the gold trade throughout the later period of ancient Ghana. Their dislike the the Susu chef Sumanguru’s harsh however ineffective preeminence provoked the Malinke to revolt, and in 1230 Sundiata, the brother of Kangaba’s fugitive ruler, won a decisive victory against the Susu chief. (The surname Mali soaked up the surname Kangaba at around this time.)

In expanding Mali’s rule past Kangaba’s small confines, Sundiata set a criterion for successive emperors. Imperial militaries secured the gold-bearing floor of Bondu and also Bambuk to the south, subdued the Diara in the northwest, and also pushed along the Niger as much north together Lac Débo. Under Mansa Mūsā (1307–32?), Mali rose to the apogee that its power. He managed the floor of the center Niger, took in into his empire the trading urban of Timbuktu and also Gao, and also imposed his ascendancy on such south Saharan cities as Walata and also on the Taghaza region of salt deposits come the north. He prolonged the eastern borders of his realm as far as the Hausa people, and also to the west he got into Takrur and also the floor of the Fulani and also Tukulor peoples. In Morocco, Egypt, and elsewhere he sent ambassadors and also imperial agents and on his return native a trip to Mecca (1324) developed Egyptian scholars in both Timbuktu and Gao.

By the 14th century the Dyula, or Wangara, together the Muslim traders the Mali came to be called, were energetic throughout west Africa. The birds that had carried Mali to success, however, impelled that ineluctably to decline. The empire outgrew that political and military strength: Gao rebelled (c. 1400); the Tuareg seized Walata and Timbuktu (1431); the individuals of Takrur and also their neighbours (notably the Wolof) threw off their subjection; and the Mossi (in what is now Burkina Faso) began to harass their Mali overlord. By about 1550 Mali had ceased come be crucial as a politics entity.

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