Joanne Rowling was born top top 31st July 1965 in ~ Yate general Hospital close to Bristol, and also grew increase in Gloucestershire in England and in Chepstow, Gwent, in south-east Wales.
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Her father, Peter, to be an aircraft engineer in ~ the rolls Royce manufacturing facility in Bristol and her mother, Anne, was a science technician in the Chemistry room at Wyedean Comprehensive, whereby Jo herself visited school. Anne was diagnosed v multiple sclerosis as soon as Jo was a teenager and also died in 1990, prior to the harry Potter books were published. Jo likewise has a younger sister, Di.
The young Jo grew up surrounding by books. “I live for books,’’ she has said. “I was your basic common-or-garden bookworm, complete with freckles and also National health spectacles.”
Jo wanted to it is in a writer from an early age. She wrote her an initial book in ~ the age of 6 – a story around a rabbit, called ‘Rabbit’. At simply eleven, she wrote her very first novel – around seven cursed diamonds and also the people who own them.
Jo learned at Exeter University, wherein she check out so widely exterior her French and also Classics syllabus the she clocked increase a fine of £50 for overdue books at the university library. Her expertise of classics would someday come in handy for producing the spells in the Harry Potter series, several of which are based upon Latin.
Her course contained a year in Paris. “I lived in Paris because that a year as a student,” Jo tweeted after ~ the 2015 terrorist assaults there. “It’s one of my favourite areas on earth.”
After she degree, she relocated to London and also worked in a collection of jobs, including one together a researcher at elegance International. “There in my tiny office I review hastily scribbled letter smuggled out of totalitarian power by men and also women who were risking imprisonment to notify the outside world of what was happening come them.” She said later. “My small participation in that procedure was one of the most humbling and also inspiring experiences of mine life.”
Jo conceived the idea of Harry Potter in 1990 while sit on a delay train from Manchester to London king Cross. End the next 5 years, she started to sketch all seven publications of the series. She wrote mostly in longhand and gradually collected a mass of notes, plenty of of which were scribbled on strange scraps the paper.
Taking her notes through her, she relocated to northern Portugal to teach English together a foreign language, married Jorge Arantes in 1992 and had a daughter, Jessica, in 1993. As soon as the marriage finished later the year, she went back to the UK come live in Edinburgh, through Jessica and also a suitcase containing the an initial three chapters of Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone.
In Edinburgh, Jo trained as a teacher and began to teach in the city’s schools, yet she continued to compose in every spare moment.
Having completed the full manuscript, she sent out the an initial three chapters to a number of literary agents, among whom wrote earlier asking to view the rest of it. She claims it to be “the finest letter i had ever before received in mine life.”
The book was first published by Bloomsbury Children’s books in June 1997, under the name J.K. Rowling.
The “K” represents Kathleen, she paternal grandmother’s name. It was included at her publisher’s request, who thought a book by one obviously female writer might not appeal come the target audience of young boys.
The book was published in the united state by Scholastic under a different title (again in ~ the publisher’s request), Harry Potter and also the magician Stone, in 1998. Six additional titles adhered to in the take care of Potter series, every achieving record-breaking success.
In 2001, the movie adaptation that the first book to be released through Warner Bros., and was followed by six more book adaptations, concluding v the relax of the eighth film, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows component 2, in 2011.
J.K. Rowling has additionally written two little companion volumes, which show up as the title of harry’s school publications within the novels. Fantastic Beasts and also Where to find Them and Quidditch with the Ages were published in march 2001 in assist of Comic Relief. In December 2008, a third companion volume, The tales of Beedle the Bard was released in help of her international children’s charity, Lumos.
In 2012, J.K. Rowling’s digital firm Pottermore was launched, which ended up being Wizarding world Digital in 2019. Pottermore Publishing continues to it is in the an international digital publisher of bother Potter, an excellent Beasts and also the Wizarding World.
Also in 2012, J.K. Rowling published her an initial novel for adults, The Casual Vacancy (Little, Brown), which has now been interpreted into 44 languages and also was adapted for TV by the BBC in 2015.
Under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith, J.K. Rowling additionally writes crime novels, featuring exclusive detective Cormoran Strike. The very first of these, The Cuckoo’s Calling, was published to critical acclaim in 2013, at first without that author’s true identification being known. The Silkworm followed in 2014, Career of Evil in 2015 and Lethal White in 2018. All four are released by Little, Brown and also have been adjusted for tv by the BBC and also HBO. The 5th book, Troubled Blood is now out and was likewise an immediate bestseller.
J.K. Rowling 2008 Harvard start speech was published in 2015 together an portrayed book, Very great Lives: The Fringe services of Failure and the prominence of Imagination (Sphere), and sold in aid of Lumos and university-wide financial assist at Harvard.
In 2016, J.K. Rowling collaborated with playwright Jack Thorne and director man Tiffany on an original new story for the stage. Harry Potter and the Cursed Child parts One and also Two opened in London and also is now playing in the USA and Australia.. The script publication was released (Little, Brown) to note the play’s opening in July 2016, and also instantly topped the bestseller lists.
Also in 2016, J.K. Rowling made she screenwriting debut through the film Fantastic Beasts and also Where to find Them, a further expansion of the Wizarding World, which to be released to critical acclaim in November 2016. This to be the very first in a collection of brand-new adventures featuring Magizoologist Newt Scamander and set before the moment of bother Potter. The second in the series,Fantastic Beasts: The crimes of Grindelwald, to be released in 2018.
The screenplays were published (Little, Brown) come coincide through each film release: Fantastic Beasts and also Where to uncover Them The initial Screenplay (2016) and Fantastic Beasts: The crimes of Grindelwald The initial Screenplay (2018).
In in march 2020, J.K. Rowling and also Wizarding human being partners released the take care of Potter At home initiative to entertain kids stuck at home during the Covid-19 pandemic v the an initial Harry Potter book read great by celebrities top top video, and also made obtainable for totally free through audiobook and ebook streaming.
In may 2020, J.K. Rowling fairy story for younger children, The Ickabog, was serialised for cost-free online for children during the Covid-19 pandemic in the summer that 2020, and also is now published as a book illustrated by children, through her royalties going come charities supporting fragile groups affected by the pandemic.
October 2021 watch the publishing of her recent children’s novel The Christmas Pig, a independent adventure story around a boy’s love because that his most treasured thing, and also how much he will go to find it.
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J.K. Rowling has actually been married come Dr Neil Murray because 2001. They live in Edinburgh through their son, David (born 2003) and daughter, Mackenzie (born 2005).
Honours & Awards
J.K. Rowling has received plenty of honours and awards, including:
Companion that Honour, for services to literature and also philanthropy, 2017PEN America Literary business Award, 2016Freedom of the City of London, 2012Hans Christian Andersen Award, Denmark, 2010Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur: France, 2009Lifetime achievement Award, British publication Awards, 2008South financial institution Show compensation for impressive Achievement, 2008James Joyce Award, college College Dublin, 2008The Edinburgh Award, 2008Commencement day Speaker, Harvard University, USA, 2008Blue Peter yellow Badge, 2007WH smith Fiction Award, 2004Prince that Asturias Award because that Concord, Spain, 2003Order the the British empire (OBE), 2001Children’s book of the Year, British publication Awards, 1998 and 1999Booksellers Association author of the Year, 1998 and 1999