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The Lycee de Galatasaray
The age of Napoleonby Alistair Horne
a new look in ~ Napoleon"s Europe
| revolutionary in Law: |
In 1804, Napoleon took on the legal system of France. The mechanism of legislations was in a state the chaos. Laws were not codified and were based on Roman law, ancient custom or monarchial paternalism. Throughout the revolution, countless laws were changed. The was an overwhelming to identify what law used in any given situation, and laws were not equally applied to everyone.
The mishmash of legislations were codified and also written clearly so the the world could identify what law applied. It incorporated much that the roman law. Because that the an initial time in history, the law was based upon reason and also founded top top the notion that all men were equal prior to the law. It guaranteed individual legal rights (except because that women and also blacks) and the security of property. In quick it codified plenty of of the ideals that the revolution. The Napoleonic Code came to be profoundly influential to other European countries in the 19th century.
Reforms in Government:
Napoleon central the government, putting manage firmly in the hands of the national government. That became more efficient. Breakthrough in the polite service and also the armed forces was based on merit rather than rank. The tax system was applied equally to all.
Reforms in Education:
Napoleon constructed many new lycees, institutions for boys period 10 to 16. He well-known the prominence of education in creating citizens capable of filling positions in his bureaucracy and military. Although the did not create a system of mass education, education and learning was more available to the middle class than it ever had been before.At a conference in 1807 the declared:Of all our establishments public education and learning is the most important. Every little thing depends on it, the present and the future. The is vital that the morals and also political principles of the generation which is now cultivation up must no longer be dependent top top the news that the work or the situations of the moment. Over all we should secure unity: us must have the ability to cast a entirety generation in the exact same mould.
He saw education and learning as a way of indoctrinating "right-thinking" citizens from very early age. That didn"t watch the need to educate girls, because they could learn every little thing they necessary from their mothers. Lock were not to be active citizens.