WAR production BOARD.
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During civilization War II the War manufacturing Board (WPB) was granted supreme authority to straight procurement of materials and also industrial manufacturing programs. Established by executive, management Order 9024 on January 16, 1942, the WPB changed the it is provided Priorities and Allocation Board and also the Office of production Management. The nationwide WPB comprised the chair (Donald M. Nelson, 1942–44; Julius A. Krug, 1944–45) appointed by the president, the secretaries the war, navy, and agriculture, the commonwealth loan administrator, lieutenant basic in charge of war department production, administrator of the office of price administration, chair of the plank of economic warfare, and also special assistant come the chairman who supervised the defense assist program. The board produced advisory, policy-making, and progress-reporting divisions.
The WPB controlled twelve local offices. An ar eight with headquarters in Dallas, Texas, had Oklahoma. The WPB additionally operated one hundred twenty field offices throughout the nation, including Oklahoma City district office regulated by C. F. Aurand. In might 1943 Aurand announced the the state war manufacturing board and also its smaller sized war plants department would come to be two separate agencies. The state WPB ongoing to maintain records on the state"s war manufacturing facilities and their production capacity, when the smaller sized War plants Corporation helped tiny Oklahoma companies (companies with fewer than 5 hundred employees) obtain war contracts and loans.
During civilization War II Oklahoma war facilities manufactured aircraft, weapons, ammunition, explosives, chemicals, aviation gasoline, and petroleum products. Oklahoma factories additionally produced ship components such together masts and valves. Harter Marblecrete rock Company of Oklahoma City had actually a federal government contract in overfill of $100,000 to create M-85 concrete exercise bombs supplied by the U.S. Military Air Forces. Wilhelm O. Coleman, smaller sized War plants Corporation ar manager, stated that Harter had been granted the biggest contract come an individual firm in the united States. Wartime needs developed a sector for box chicken, in order to helping Oklahoma"s poultry industry and also employing canning manufacturing facility workers. In April 1945 a Tulsa ordnance plant got a $2.4 million federal contract come manufacture ninety-millimeter shells.
The nationwide WPB"s main task was converting civilian industry to battle production. The board assigned priorities and also allocated scarce materials such together steel, aluminum, and rubber, prohibition nonessential industrial activities such as producing nylons and refrigerators, controlled wages and prices, and also mobilized the people through propaganda such as "give her scrap metal and help Oklahoma boys save our method of life." In September 1942 Oklahoma papers publicized a statewide campaign for scrap metal collection to run from September 28 to October 17. N. D. Welty, publisher that the Bartlesville Examiner and also Enterprise, was selected to straight the drive. The scrap metal accumulated in every county was offered to authorized junk dealers, and the proceeds visited a worthy cause designated by every county scrap metal committee. Youngsters participated in the journey by happen scrap steel to repertoire points in ~ schools. 2 weeks into the campaign Oklahoma ranked ten in the country with collection averaging seventeen pounds per person for a complete of 19,139 tons. When the drive closed on October 17, Oklahoma ranked twenty-seventh through an average of seventy pounds built up per person, compared to a national mean of virtually eighty-two pounds per person.
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The WPB and the nation"s factory effected a an excellent turnaround to war production. The construction of army aircraft that totaled six thousand in 1940 jumped to eighty-five thousand in 1943. Factory that had manufactured silk ribbons created parachutes, auto factories developed tanks, typewriter carriers converted to an equipment guns, undergarment manufacturers sewed mosquito netting, and also a roller coaster manufacturer converted to the production of bomber fix platforms. Factory were increased and brand-new ones built. In Oklahoma new construction emerged in Beckett, Chouteau, McAlester, Pryor, Ponca City, Tulsa, and also Oklahoma City. The Douglas Aircraft company built a bomber plant in Tulsa and a facility in Midwest City. The plants got in production in 1942 and also 1943, respectively. The U.S. Marine Ammunition Depot in McAlester, built in 1942, employed more than eight thousands in 1945. The WPB ensured that each factory received products it necessary to operate, in bespeak to produce the many war products in the shortest time.
From 1942 come 1945 the WPB directed the manufacturing of $185 billion worth of armament and also supplies. In July 1945 the WPB reported the $222 million had actually been allocated to Oklahoma war facilities. In ~ war"s end, most production restrictions quickly lifted, and the WPB was abolished ~ above November 3, 1945, with its remaining features transferred to the Civilian production Administration.