In a percent problem, the base represents exactly how much should be considered 100% (the whole); in exponents, the base is the value that is increased to a power as soon as a number is created in exponential notation. In the example of 53, 5 is the base.

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Raising a number come a power of 3. 23 is review “2 come the 3rd power” or “2 cubed,” and method use 2 together a factor three times in the multiplication. 23 = 2 • 2 • 2 = 8.


The number that suggests how numerous times the base is provided as a factor. In the instance of 53, 3 is the exponent and way that 5 is used three times together a factor: 5 • 5 • 5.


A notation the represents repetitive multiplication utilizing a base and an exponent. For example, 24 is notation that way 2 • 2 • 2 • 2. This notation tells you the 2 is provided as a factor 4 times. 24 = 16. (Also referred to as exponential form.)


A number that is multiply by an additional number or numbers to obtain a product. Because that example, in the equation 4 • 5 = 20, 4 and also 5 space factors.


inverse operationA mathematical procedure that have the right to reverse or “undo” one more operation. Addition and subtraction are inverse operations. Multiplication and department are station operations. operationA mathematical process; the four an easy operations room addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.perfect square

A totality number that have the right to be expressed as a entirety number raised to a strength of 2. For example, 25 is a perfect square because 25 = 5 • 5 = 52.

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The symbol supplied for square root and other roots. It looks choose

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 and the number is created under it. Because that example, the square source of nine is written with the radical sign:
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When a base has an exponent, it have the right to be claimed that the base is “raised come the power” the the exponent. For example, 35 is read as “3 elevated to the fifth power.”


A value that can be multiply by chin to give the initial number. For instance if the initial number is 9, then 3 is that is square root since 3 multiply by chin (32, express "3 squared") equals 9. The symbol supplied for a square root is referred to as a radical sign and goes on peak of the number. The square root of 9 is composed as

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Multiplying a number by itself, or elevating the number to a strength of 2. 82 deserve to be check out as “8 to the 2nd power,” “8 come a strength of 2,” or “8 squared.”