Animals get their energy from food. Herbivores, prefer deer and also hare, feeding on plants. Carnivores, prefer lions and also wolves, eat meat. Omnivores, which incorporate pigs, bears, and also humans, eat both plants and also animals. In an ecosystem, every the organisms that depend on one another in order come eat kind a food chain. Plants space at the bottom of this chain. They acquire their energy from the sun, which enables them come manufacture the building material they need for your development. Most pets depend straight or indirectly on plants. In this way, also carnivores the feed top top herbivores rely on the plants that feed your prey.

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A superpredator is a carnivorous pet that is no the food of any type of other species. It is in ~ the peak of the food chain. Raptors, tigers and wolves are examples of superpredators.The meat of other animals is the primary food the carnivores. Because that example, snakes eat small rodents.Herbivores are animals that eat plants. Giraffes, i beg your pardon eat the leaves of acacia trees, are herbivores, together are details rodents that eat seeds. Plants use the power of the sunlight to to produce the nutrient they need from the water, the carbon dioxide current in the air and the mineral elements in the soil. Trees, flowers, grain grains, mosses and also seaweeds are examples of plants.Decomposers feed on carcasses, excrement and also plant remains. Bacteria, microscopic fungi and certain small animals, such as earthworms, are decomposers. In decomposing organic matter, they relax mineral facets that space then used by plants to aid them develop.

See also: pet Kingdom, vegetable Kingdom

Special relationships, for far better or worse

Some organisms benefit from various other species, there is no necessarily eating them. These one-of-a-kind relationships have different names, depending on the type of association. Symbiosis is the association of 2 organisms that different varieties that mutually advantage from life together and also cannot make it through without each other. Because that example, coral is associated with algae, called zooxanthellae. The is a connection that is crucial to both. Mutualism is a partnership of mutual assist between two organisms of different species. In this way, the sea anemone and the clownfish protect each other, yet their combination is not vital. Commensalism is an association where one varieties benefits native another, there is no harming it or being helpful to it. Because that example, the remora is a fish that attaches itself to an additional organism, such as a shark, and also travels v it without disturbing it. Finally, parasitism is a harmful association, where one species lives off another, using that species’ sources for its own benefit. Certain flatworms, dubbed tapeworms, parasitize the intestine of mammals.


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examples of algae
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Formed from the combination of an alga and also a fungus, lichens live in symbiosis. The alga manufactures the organic issue needed by both partners, while the fungus provides them with water and also mineral elements.


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examples the lichens
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The dodder, a parasitic plant, has no leaves and also is i can not qualify of photosynthesis. Unlike other plants, it cannot use the sun’s energy in order to develop. It have to live wound about the stalk of one more plant, out of which it pumps organic issue using its suckers.

See more: How Many Ounces Are In A Box Of Cereal ? How Many Quarts Is A Box Of Cereal


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photosynthesis
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The remora, a fish that the dry seas, attaches itself to the ship of a shark with an body organ that acts prefer a suction cup. In this way, the travels long distances, benefiting indigenous the defense of the shark and also collecting its food scraps without harming it. This is dubbed commensalism.