During His crucifixion, the last words of Jesus Christ were videotaped to have been seven phrases.The sixth phrase, recorded just by man (19:30), was "Itis finished." What go He complete on the cross?

Of the 4 Gospels, john is believed to be the just one originally written in Greek, and also whileit is thought that Jesus speak in Aramaic, there appears to it is in no document of any kind of Semitic native here.

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"It is finished" is the translate in of the Greek term "tetelestai."

It is the perfect indicative the atmosphere of the Greek verb "teleō," which means "to bringto one end" or "to complete."

The mood and also tense the a verb indicates the perspective of the speaker and Jesus" grammarreveals the following:

Perfect tense: the action was perfect in the past with results continuing in thepresent. If Jesus finished the work-related He finished that day, the results are tho in effect today.

Indicative mood: the act that took ar or problem is an target fact. The workthat Jesus finished to be definite and real.

Furthermore, Jesus speaks in a passive voice, which indicates that that is receiving orsubjected to an action without responding or initiating a response. The work that Jesus was doing to be inthe passive sense!


With His very own words tape-recorded in the Gospels, Jesus reveals that He had a priority in doing His Father"s work:

Jesus stated to them, "My food is to carry out the will of the who sent Me and also to accomplishHis job-related (John 4:34).

"For I have actually come down from heaven, not to execute My very own will, however the will certainly of the whosent Me. This is the will certainly of the who sent out Me, that of all the He has given Me I shed nothing, but raise the upon the last day (John 6:38-39).

And Jesus reveals the He had actually a function in life and in death. Was Jesus utterance that "tetelestai" referringto the work-related He accomplished in life, death or both?


What to be Jesus" job-related in life?

At the conclusion to the upper Room Discourse(John 14,15,16),John 17is known as the "Lord"s High Priestly Prayer." the is below where Jesus provides several prayer requests whichemphasize the occupational His Father offered Him; it to be His objective in life:

1. Glorify God. The crucifixion would certainly glorify Jesus because that His perfect obedience andunwavering passion to consummate His fatality of atonement. God would be glorified for giving the meansfor His grace and also forgiveness (John 17:1, 4-5).

2. Teach.

Teach the eleven disciples who the one true God to be so the they can have arelationship through Him. The Greek word because that "know" describes an intimate personal relationship; eternallife is not just an countless existence (John 17:3).

Teach the eleven disciples the He was sent by God and was the method for eternal life(John 17:2-3, 7-8). As Jesus was sent by God, thedisciples were provided to him by God (John 17:2, 6, 9, 24).

Teach the eleven disciples words of God(John 17:6-8).Jesus" life was the word of God and basis for the brand-new Testament(John 1:1).

3. Protect the at an early stage spiritual growth of the eleven disciples(John 17:12).

4. Sanctify and send every Believers the end to the people to testify in the divine being of Jesusand the method of eternal life(John 17:14-21).

5. Re-publishing God"s glory through Believers. God"s glory was God"s ethical beauty and also perfectionof His character which was seen visibly in the life the Jesus Christ. This high quality of God"s character isnow mutual by Jesus with Believers who space being transformed into God"s image(John 17:22-24).


What was Jesus" job-related in death?

While ~ above His means to Jerusalem, Jesus reveals come His practical worker the factor for Hispredictions that death; He to be to "give His life a ransom because that many"(Matt 20:28,Mark 10:45).

The Greek term because that "ransom" is "lutron" i m sorry is identified "as a method of loosing."Thus the crucial character that His death is to pay the price to complimentary the lives of others.

For our natural tendency to disobey the moral legislations of God, Paul teaches inRomans 6:23that the "wages the sin is death." God"s hates sin and His judgment of that (sin of any type of kind) is death,and this judgment is the ransom Jesus payment on ours behalf.

Jesus provided His life together a ransom by paying the righteousness penalty for sin and also satisfyingthe wrath of God.


Can the mood and tense that a verb and the voice that Jesus spoke of "tetelestai" administer informationas to even if it is He to be referring to His work-related in life or death?


Jesus Perfect it is too dirty Indicative mood Passive Voice?
Work in life The brand-new Testament endures now as the an outcome of Jesus" life on earth. The new Testament is objective fact. No.
Work in death The method for salvation is still easily accessible to all. Jesus Christ did atone for the guilty of human being beings. Yes. Jesus passively got God"s referee for sin.

From the grammar the Jesus used, it shows up that "tetelestai" to be referring come His work-related in death(it is finished!). While the is complicated to understand with certainty, two other pieces the data providesfurther assistance of this interpretation.

1. In the "Lord"s High Priestly Prayer" ofJohn 17,Jesus shows in verse 4 the He had actually finished the work, which to be in recommendation to His work-related in life.

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2. In some Greek files of the an initial and second century, the hatchet "tetelestai"was supplied to show the full payment of a debt.