The verbal and reading section of an officer candidate exam might test your expertise of analogies. An analogy is a to compare of 2 proportions or relations. In typical usage— and for plenty of of the armed forces exams —you will encounter several varieties of analogies.

Why are analogies important? understanding analogies exhibits your capacity to acknowledge relationships between words. It help you build a much more complete capacity to usage words, images, and expressions, both in your talked words and also in your writing. As a future officer in the military, it"s vital for girlfriend to it is in articulate, now and also when you are commanding others.

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Each concern presents two words that have actually some kind of relationship; you room asked to choose the choice that ideal completes the analogy, which is comparable to the partnership presented in the initial pair the words. There space two styles for the questions. For example, look in ~ the following:

FORK is come EAT as PEN is to

A. INK

B. PENCIL

C. WRITE

D. LETTER

E. BOOK

You an initial must ask you yourself what the partnership is between FORK and also EAT. A fork is supplied to eat. Thus, the following pair displayed a comparable relationship — a PEN is used to WRITE. The exactly answer is C.

The second format the analogy questions that you will encounter is as follows:

PREMIER is to nation as

A. TEACHER is come LEARNING

B. Primary is come SCHOOL

C. Chairman is come CABINET

D. SOLDIER is come SAILOR

E. POLICEMAN is come CRIME

The exactly answer is B, primary is come SCHOOL. The PREMIER is the leader of the COUNTRY, and the major is the leader of the SCHOOL. If you look in ~ the various other choices, you deserve to see the distinctions in relationships when compared to the original pair. The teacher"s task is to help the college student learn, and he or she is certain in charge of students, however that is not the straight relationship. The president choose the Cabinet, however the room is only a small component of the country. Soldier come Sailor and Policeman come Crime are different relationships entirely.

Keep in mind the the relationship in between the words is the many important facet when comment an analogy question. It is an ext important than the actual meanings of the words. Try to establish the relationship automatically as you check out the question. How are the 2 words related? room they the same? space they part of a group? room they antonyms? that is often useful to paraphrase the relationship.

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For example, you might encounter the following:

FISH is to s as equine is to

A. OATS

B. RACETRACK

C. STABLE

D. GALLOP

E. FIELD

You would paraphrase this through saying, "A FISH lives in the OCEAN; therefore, a horse lives in the STABLE." The exactly answer is C. Return some horses may live in the field, city horses may live just in a stable. (Questions usually call for you to be reasonably specific.) by paraphrasing the original pair, you assist yourself in identify the exactly answer.