Latin Name Panthera onca
Conservation Status Near threatened
ar central & south America
Colour See listed below
Length 1.1 - 1.9 m (3.5 - 6.25 ft)
Tail 45 - 75 cms (18 - 30 inches)
Weight 36 - 160 Kgs (79 - 350 lbs)
Life Expectancy

11 - Yrs (Wild) 20 Yrs (in Captivity)

Main Characteristics The Jaguar is the 3rd largest feline, the tiger and lion being the just ones larger. They have actually a body length of between 1.1 and also 1.9 m (3.5 - 6.25 feet), a tail length of in between 45 and 75 cms (18 - 30 inches), a shoulder height of in between 55 and 76 cms (21.5 - 30 inches) and also they weigh between 36 and also 160 Kgs (79 - 350 lbs).

Typically females space 20% smaller sized than males and also they normally vary in size according to their distribution, they often tend to boost in size from phibìc to South. The Jaguar is compact and also well muscled. That has brief stocky limbs which allows it to it is in adept at climbing, swimming and crouching. It has actually a solid head and also an extremely powerful jaw. The basic coat the the Jaguar is tawny, or it deserve to be reddish/brown, and it has irregular shaped rosette kind markings over its body. These markings become solid point out on the head and also neck, and they merge to type rings on its tail. The underside that the Jaguar is lighter coloured. Melanistic or black Jaguars are much less typical than the spotted form. They are recognized as Panthers (as space black Leopards). They appear to be totally black, yet their markings deserve to be seen if examined closely. Darker coloured individuals tend to be uncovered in the dense forest areas as this help them to continue to be hidden and lighter coloured, larger pets tend come be uncovered in the open plains. Habitat Jaguars are found in the forests, swamps, dried woodland and also grasslands of central and southern America. Castle prefer thick forests through thick cover and also water nearby. The highest population densities that Jaguars are discovered in the Amazon Basin. Jaguars room solitary, except a mother with cubs, and they only accomplish up come mate. They have territories in between 30 and 150 Kms (17 - 87 miles), the are of the masculine being bigger than the of the female. Diet The Jaguar is a carnivore and also its diet mainly is composed of deer, tapirs, peccaries, sloth, monkeys, fish, reptiles and domestic livestock. that preferred technique of death its bigger prey is come pierce the skull with it canine teeth, smaller prey can be killed with one swipe of its paw. The Jaguar prefers come stalk that prey rather than chase and it offers an ambush technique, pouncing from cover on its prey. The Jaguar has actually perfected this technique and its abilities are second to none. On death it food the Jaguar will drag it to a secluded spot to eat it. It has such stamin that it is capable of carrying a big kill if swimming and also hauling a large kill into a tree. Breeding ~ a gestation period of 91 - 111 job 1 - 4 cubs , generally 2, room born in a den. They room born blind and helpless, getting sight in ~ 14 days. The cubs room weaned at 3 months old yet they stay in the bear den because that 6 months, after i m sorry they leaving to accompany their mom while she hunts. The cubs remain in the firm of their mommy until lock are between 1 and also 2 years of period after i beg your pardon they leave to find their very own territory. Females come to be sexually mature at 2 years of age while males reach sex-related maturity between 3 and also 4 year of age. Jaguars mate throughout the year and also after adjustment the pair go their separate ways, with the female preferring to do every one of the nursing herself. Predators Jaguars have actually no real predators, other than humans. Subspecies There are nine subspecies of Jaguar: Panthera onca onca - Amazon Rainforest Panthera onca arizonensis - Mexico Panthera onca centralis - central America Panthera onca goldmani - Mexico, Belize Panthera onca hemandesii - Mexico Panthera onca palustris - southern Brazil Panthera onca paraguensis - Paraguay Panthera onca peruvianus - Peru, Ecuador Panthera onca veracrucis - Texas exciting Facts Jaguars are the biggest cat in the Americas.


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The Yanomami Indians called the Jaguar "Eater that Souls" as they believe it consumes the spirits of the dead. Similar Animals LionTigerCheetahLeopardMountain LionSnow LeopardClouded Leopard Sunda Clouded Leopard