CaF2 is a molecule abbreviation for Calcium fluoride, which is an inorganic compound. It exists together a white crystalline hard in nature. Countless of us have actually a question about this link if CaF2 is ionic or covalent. Allow us research this in detail in our blog.

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So, Is CaF2 ionic or covalent? CaF2 is one ionic compound because, in the CaF2 molecule, calcium acts as a cation through donating that is 2 extra electrons from the valence shell, and also Fluoride acts together an anion by accepting the electron from Calcium, perfect its octet. Therefore, Calcium and fluoride together form an ionic bond, i.e., CaF2.

The shortcut angle between CaF2 is 154 degrees. The pair of fluorine atoms room bonded through the one atom that Calcium and are hosted together by electrostatic pressures of attraction, causing an ionic bond between Calcium and fluoride.

The bond in between them deserve to be ionic or covalent depending on the charge spread over the molecule and its structure.

If there is sharing of electron in the valence shell of the external inspection atoms, it would be covalent bonding, and also if a complete transfer of electrons from one atom to an additional takes place, it is referred to as ionic bonding.

Why is CaF2 Ionic?

CaF2 is formed by electron exchange in between one molecule of Calcium and two molecules of fluoride.

The outermost shell of Calcium has 2 electrons, vice versa, fluoride is a deficit of 1 electron, or fluoride has 7 electron in its valence shell.

Thus, to attain a steady ionic configuration, Calcium has to lose that is 2 valence electrons, and fluorine needs one extra electron in its valence shell. Therefore, Calcium acts together a cation by donating its 2 electrons and also attaining one inert gas configuration.

At the very same time, the two atoms of fluorine expropriate one electron native Calcium and kind a secure configuration of CaF2.

The 3 ions, i.e., one of calcium and also two the fluorine, combine as an ionic crystal and are hosted together through electrostatic pressures of attraction.

Since CaF2 is an ionic bond and ionic bonds are non-directional. Hence, the structure of CaF2 is neither bent, not linear.

The network charge present on the CaF2 molecule

To calculate the net fee of any compound, usage the formula,

Net charge = (number the Valence Electron) – (number that Unbonded electron + number of fifty percent Of The bonded Electrons)

The number of valence electrons: Fluorine has actually 7 valence electrons, however there room 2 fluorine atoms in the molecule, making the a total of 14 electrons for the fluorine atoms.

On the various other hand, the Calcium atom has actually two electrons in the valence shell, making that a total of 16 valence electrons.

Bonded electrons: two electrons from calcium and two electrons one from every fluorine renders it 4 external inspection electrons.

You can also count bonds in the atom instead.

Unbonded electrons: total unbonded electron in the molecule room 12.

Thus, follow to the formula,

Net fee = 14(V.E) – 12(unbonded electrons) – 2(half of bonded electrons)

As per the above formulae, over there exists zero charge on the molecule.

CaF2 molecule Structure

The CaF2 link is ionic, the Fluoride ions space in a cubic arrangement, and calcium ion are inserted in fifty percent cubic website of the shape.


In the over diagram, red shade dots stand for calcium ions, whereas green color dots stand for fluoride ions.

Lewis structure of CaF2

Calcium is one alkaline planet metal, whereas Fluorine is a non-metal.

When a metal and also nonmetal combine, it forms an ionic compound.

Ca being in team 2 has 2 valence electrons, vice versa, F gift in team 17 has 7 valence electrons.


Metals and also non-metals have tendency to complete their octet.

F has seven electrons, which means it requires simply one electron in that valence covering to finish its octet. Conversely, Ca gives its 2 electrons to F, thus completing that octet.


But Calcium is quiet left with an electron.

Similarly, with one an ext Florine v 7 valence electrons, the octet dominion for both Ca and also F have the right to be satisfied.


The result Lewis structure will be together below.


What is the structure of CaF2?

CaF2 is do from 2 fluoride molecules and also 1 calcium molecule.

It forms a structure similar to the cube.

Electrons the CaF2 are in 3d orbitals, and also the movement of this electrons wake up in in between dyz and also dz2.

CaF2 is straight in shape and is many stable once the electrons are in dz2 orbitals and are bent in shape as soon as the electrons are in dyz orbitals.

Ionic vs Covalent Compounds


The ide of ionic and also covalent compounds is a little bit confusing.

Let us understand the concept of ionic and covalent compound by understanding their an easy definitions.

Ionic compounds room those link that have actually molecules of fee ions.

These fee ions room oppositely fee ions, i.e., positive and also negative. Covalent compounds room the non-metals bound together, consist of of two electrons shared between two atoms.

The molecular pressures of attraction in the situation of the ionic link to form the ionic shortcut is the electrical force the attraction between the cation and the anion that the molecule.

Cations space the positively fee ions, whereas anions are the negatively charged ions. Cations are metals, and also anions are non-metals.

Whereas, in a covalent bond, the sharing of electron takes place in between atoms.

Ionic CompoundsCovalent Compounds
Ionic compounds space hard, crystal-like structures.Covalent compounds room flexible.
Ionic compound usually have high melting and boiling points. In ionic compounds, a huge amount of energy is compelled to break the link due to strong forces the attraction between the positive and an unfavorable ions.Covalent compounds have actually low melting and also boiling points. Covalent compounds deserve to be be separate easily because of the existence of different molecules which absence the solid forces of attraction among themselves.
Due come the presence of carbon and hydrogen in covalent compounds, they room flammable. Ionic compounds help in the conduction of electricity in water as result of the visibility of charged ion in it.Covalent link lack electric conductivity because of the lack of fee ions.
Ionic compounds are more soluble in water.Covalent compound are much less soluble in water.
Ionic compounds space polar in nature.Covalent compounds space non-polar.

Factors affecting the development of Ionic Bond

Three factors influence the development of the ionic bond. These factors are electron affinity, ionization energy, and lattice energy, i m sorry are explained below.

1. Electron Affinity

Electron affinity refers to the energy released as soon as an electron is added to the isolated gaseous atom.

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In the procedure of one ionic compound, the atoms kind into one anion through gaining electrons. This development of anion favors greater electron affinity.