l>Tiger: The pet Files
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Tiger video clip Sumatran Tiger Feeding and Siberian Tigers resting

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Tiger range Map (South & eastern Asia)
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© www.pgoimages.com Photographer: Per-Gunnar Ostby the www.pgoimages.com
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© www.pgoimages.com Photographer: Per-Gunnar Ostby that www.pgoimages.com
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Siberian Tiger at south Lakes Wild animal Park, Dalton-in-Furness, UK © usmam.org
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Bengal Tiger Photographer: Anant
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Indochinese Tiger Photographer: Kabir Bakie
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Malayan Tiger Photographer: B_cool
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Sumatran Tiger
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Siberian Tiger Photographer: S Taheri
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south China Tiger Photographer from conserve China"s many tigers
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Javan Tiger
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Caspian Tiger
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White many tigers
Latin Name Panthera tigris
Conservation Status Endangered
ar south & east Asia
Colour Orange with Black Markings
Length 1.4 - 2.8 m (4.5 - 9.25 ft)
Tail 60 - 110 cms (24 - 43 inches)
Weight 100 - 300 Kgs (220 - 660 lbs)
Life Expectancy 8 - 10 Yrs (wild) approximately 26 Yrs (in captivity)

Main Characteristics Tigers room the largest of the four large cats. They have actually a body length in between 1.4 and 2.8 m (4.5 - 9.25 ft), a shoulder height in between 80 and 110 cms (31 - 43 inches), a tail length between 60 and also 110 cms (24 - 43 inches) and also they weigh in between 100 and also 300 kgs (220 - 660 lbs). The basic colour of a Tiger"s coat ranges from a dark rusty/orange come a lighter yellow/orange and also they have actually dark upright stripes the are unique to each individual. Their underside and also parts that their confront are cream/white in colour. The colour of each subspecies that Tiger differs depending upon their location, the Siberian Tiger often tends to be lighter in colour with much less bold stripes while the bengal tiger has a solid orange colouration v bold, dark stripes. The length of your fur additionally depends on their location. The Siberian Tiger has actually longer, an ext dense hair that allows it come stay warmth in the cold climate the Siberia. Their hair length likewise varies through the different seasons, through it being longer during the winter months. Tigers that live in tropic locations, such as the Sumatran Tiger, tend to have shorter, less dense fur. masculine Tigers have a ruff the fur approximately the earlier of your head and also this is particularly pronounced in Siberian Tigers. Tigers have many thick, white whiskers and also these aid them in finding their means around in the dark. Their ear are tiny and rounded and their eyes space round and also amber in colour. Like many cats, tigers have excellent senses that sight and hearing. They have huge canine teeth that room 5.5 - 6.5 cms (2.2 - 2.6 inches) in length and adult Tigers have 30 this in total. tigers have large feet through 5 toe on their fore feet and 4 on their hind. Your claws space long and retractable being as much as 10 cms (3.9 inches) in length. Tigers room mainly active at dawn and dusk, lock are solid swimmers and enjoy safety time in the water. Despite their dimension they can reach speed of 49 - 65 km/hr (35 - 40 mph) and also they can leap 9 - 10 m (30 - 33 ft) in length and up come 5 m (16 ft) high. They are just behind hill lions with regard to your jumping ability. there is a famous mutation, well-known as chinchilla albinistic, that produces a White Tiger. These are rare in the wild but are extensively bred in zoos. White Tigers room not a separate subspecies neither space they albinos, they room a colour variation the the Bengal Tiger. White tigers have a white basic coat with brown stripes, a pink nose and also blue eyes. over there have also been reports the Blue Tigers and also Black many tigers (mellanistic), however, this reports room unconfirmed and there has been no physical evidence that says their existence.

Habitat tigers are uncovered in a range of habitats in south and also east Asia. Your habitats include tropical forests, evergreen forests, woodlands, grasslands, rocky country, swamps and also savannas. Lock prefer locations that have thick cover and accessibility to a water source. They room solitary animals and mark their areas with urine, secretions from your anal glands, faeces and also scratch marks. Female Tigers have actually territories that room 25 - 1,600 sq. Kms (10 - 618 sq. Miles). Masculine Tigers have actually territories that are much larger and they will be associated to the smaller sized territories of number of females. The dimension of a Tiger"s are is dependence on the easily accessible resources and the largest territories belong to Siberian Tigers. Tigers safeguard their region strongly and also will fight any strange Tiger that strays within your range. Diet Tigers space carnivorous, they greatly feed on medium and large sized prey and also their diet varies depending on their location. They prey upon chital, sika deer, roe deer, musk deer, rusa deer, elk, gaur, water buffalo, wild boar, and they sometimes take smaller sized prey such together birds, monkeys, reptiles and also fish. occasionally they will kill much more formidable predators such as dholes, leopards, pythons, bears and also crocodiles although generally these predators will shot to protect against each other. they will easily eat carrion and sometimes young elephants and rhinos, but fully grown adults space too dangerous to attack. They will additionally sometimes kill domestic animals and also these Tigers room termed cattle-lifters or cattle-killers in comparison to the common game-killers. tigers hunt alone and also they ambush their prey, overpowering them from any type of angle and using your body size and also strength come knock big prey turn off balance. Castle bite the throat of large prey and using their forelimbs, they drag it to the ground. They will then host onto the throat till the food dies. In the case of smaller prey they will bite the back of the neck, often breaking the spinal cord, piercing the windpipe or severing the jugular vein or carotid artery. This outcomes in instantaneous fatality for the prey. Tigers will eat as much as 40 kgs (88 lbs) of meat in ~ a time and also they will go back to a large kill come feed because that 3 - 6 days. many tigers will hardly ever prey top top humans but if they execute there is generally a factor for the such together the Tiger is as well old or perhaps injured come hunt for its herbal prey. Tigers that prey on humans are well-known as man-eaters and also they to be a particular problem in India in the early part of the 20th century. A hunter dubbed Jim Corbett tracked down and killed the Champawat Man-eating Tigress and also there were likewise attacks from the Sunderbans Man-eaters and Tara the the Dudhwa nationwide Park. Breeding after ~ a gestation period of about 104 days, 2 - 4 Tiger cubs are born in a den. At bear the cubs weigh about 1 kg (2.2 lbs) and also they have their eyes and also ears closed. once the cubs with 8 weeks old they are ready to companion their mother from the den and also it is at this allude that she beginning to feeding them meat. They come to be independent at about 18 months old yet tend to continue to be with their mommy until they are at least 2 years old. as soon as they leaving their mommy males will relocate away and also find their very own territory, females however will continue to be in the very same area together their mother and also secure a region close to hers. Many tigers reach sexual maturity at 3 - 4 years of age. Predators Tigers have no herbal predators, only people prey upon lock Subspecies There are 9 well-known subspecies the Tiger, 3 of which are currently extinct: Bengal Tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) conservation Status: threatened They are also known as the royal Bengal Tiger or Indian Tiger. They are discovered in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar. Castle live in a variety of habitats including grasslands, subtropical and also tropical rainforests, scrub forests, wet and dry deciduous forests and also mangroves. They are the most many subspecies with populace estimates gift 3,000 - 4,500 people in the wild. This is the subspecies the is mainly associated with White Tigers. Indochinese Tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) conservation Status: endangered They are likewise known together Corbett"s Tiger. They are uncovered in Cambodia, laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. Lock live in forests in like the mountain or hilly regions and also it is estimated that there are between 1,000 and 1,700 people left. Malayan Tiger (Panthera tigris malayensis) conservation Status: endangered They to be only taken into consideration a subspecies in their own right in 2004. They room exclusively discovered in the southern component of the Malay Peninsula and also there space 600 - 800 people in the wild making castle the 3rd largest Tiger population. Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) conservation Status: Critically Endangered. They are discovered on the Indonesian island that Sumatra and it is estimated that there room 400 - 500 people left in the wild. They space the smallest of every the living subspecies and also their small size is an adaptation come the thick, thick forests in which castle live and also the smaller sized sized prey which lock hunt. Siberian Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) conservation Status: Critically endangered They are additionally known as the Amur Tiger. They are uncovered in the Amur region in much eastern Siberia and also it is estimated that there room 450 - 500 individuals left. Lock are thought about the largest subspecies and they are the largest and heaviest of every naturally arising felines. south China Tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis) conservation Status: Critically threatened They are likewise known as: south Chinese Tiger, Chinese Tiger, Amoy Tiger, Xiamen Tiger. They are found in the woodlands of southern China and also they space the many critically endangered of every the Tiger subspecies. They room the 3rd smallest subspecies and also it is approximated that there are less than 30 people left in the wild. Balinese Tiger (Panthera tigris balica) preservation Status: extinct (1937) lock were additionally known as the Bali Tiger and they used to be discovered on the small indonesian island of Bali. They to be the the smallest subspecies of Tiger and also they became extinct due to habitat loss and hunting. Castle were declared extinct top top September 27th, 1937. Javan Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) conservation Status: die out (1980s?) They provided to be found on the indonesian island that Java. They came to be extinct due to habitat loss and also hunting. The specific time of extinction stays unknown yet it was probably sometime during the 1980s. Caspian Tiger (Panthera tigris virgata) conservation Status: extinction (Late 1950s) lock were additionally known as the Persian Tiger and also they were the western most subspecies that Tiger being uncovered in Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Turkey, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and also Uzbekistan. They were the 3rd largest subspecies that Tiger and together with the Bengal Tiger, they were supplied in roman inn arenas come fight gladiators, aurochs and barbary lions. interesting Facts The tigers in the video at the top of this web page are in captivity at southern Lakes Wild pet Park. The park is an active conservation park and also it is affiliated with the Sumatran Tiger Trust. A Siberian Tiger has offered birth to 2 cubs in a Russian zoo. See Video>

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The Tiger is the national animal of: Bangladesh (Bengal Tiger) India (Bengal Tiger) Nepal (Bengal Tiger) Malaysia (Malayan Tiger) phibìc Korea (Siberian Tiger) southern Korea (Siberian Tiger) Tigers have actually killed much more humans than any other wild cat. The Indochinese Tiger, likewise known together Corbett"s Tiger, was named after the hunter Jim Corbett.

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Charities The Sumatran Tiger trust Reg Charity No. 1082186 www.tigertrust.info save China"s many tigers www.savechinastigers.orgSimilar AnimalsLionCheetahJaguar LeopardMountain LionSnow LeopardClouded Leopard Sunda Clouded Leopard