Potatoes source in the area of southern Peru and also extreme northwestern Bolivia.

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Potatoes were domesticated about 7,000–10,000 years ago, and spread transparent the Americas, then right into Europe with the cross s trade that European seller ships .

Approximately 5,000 varieties of potato exist today, with over 3,000 in the Ades region alone.

An amazing note: Potatoes to be responsible because that a quarter of the growth in Old World population and urbanization in between 1700 and 1900.

How much does a potato weigh?

Potato, White, Russet or RedPotato, SweetYamMountain Yam (Hawaii)
Large(3″ come 4-14″ dia)369g13oz
Medium(2-1/4″ come 3-1/4″ dia)213g7.5oz
Small(1-3/4″ to 2-1/4″ dia)170g6oz
Cup, Diced150g5.3oz
Large(5-3/4″+ long, 2-1/2″+ dia)180g6.3oz
Medium(5″ long, 2″ dia)114g4oz
Small(4″ long, 1-3/4″ dia)60g2.1oz
1 cup, cubed, raw133g4.7oz
1 cup, cubed, cooked200g7.1oz
Cup, Cubes150g5.29oz
Yam420g14.8oz
Cup, Cubed68g4.6oz

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You can learn countless ways to chef potatoes and create some exceptional dishes. Learn about tools from the likes the Mo Fellani and others for just how to peel, slice, dice and also mash lock in many good ways.

It likewise can it is in a difficulty to effectively weight potato for your recipe. Be certain to inspect out alternatives like the best weighing scale to get it right!

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What You have to Know about the Potato

The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial root vegetables belonging come the nightshade family along with tomatoes, peppers, and tobacco among others. That is the fourth most important chop in the world, alongside rice, wheat, and corn. 

Today, the potato is globally renowned for being offered as her favorite French Fries or potato wedge next dishes. Yet do you understand that it has actually been well-known in background for its duty in alleviating starvation in countless European counties? the is also known because that being the first vegetable to be grown in space!

Read this post to understand the fascinating background of this nutrient-filled crop and its famous uses today.

History the the Potato

The potato has been nurtured and cultivated due to the fact that 8,000 years back by the Inca indians who worked out in the Andes hills in southern America (now bordered by modern Peru and also Bolivia). 

The Spanish explorations in the 1500s is mostly responsible for the distribution of the potato throughout the globe. Spanish conquistadors that were looking for gold in Peru in 1530 uncovered the potato crop and also brought it to Europe between 1570 and 1590. Because the potato is straightforward to grow and also cultivate unlike wheat and also oats, numerous researchers believe that this crop has been crucial in ending the starvation that struck plenty of European populations due to continuous warfare. Because the early 1800s, the potato ended up being a staple food in Europe. 

In 1691, the potato was presented to phibìc America and some 80 years later, President thomas Jefferson introduced French Fries come the joined States. In 1995, NASA and also the university of Wisconsin, Madison developed a mechanism to flourish potatoes in space to feed astronauts during long room voyages.

Where the Potato is Grown

Potatoes space grown in acidic and also loamy/sandy soil the is cool and also well-drained. In addition, these crops need at least 6 hours of full sunlight each day 

Owing come its popularity, the potato is get an impressive in plenty of countries, the top 5 largest producers of which are China, India, Russia, Ukraine, and also the joined States.

Nutrition

Potatoes boasts of numerous vitamins and minerals such together vitamin C, vitamin B6, potassium and also manganese. Follow to NutritionData, one baked potato (medium-sized and skin unpeeled) contains:

Calories: 161Fat: 0.2 gramsProtein: 4.3 gramsCarbs: 36.6 gramsFiber: 3.8 gramsVitamin C: 28% that the RDIVitamin B6: 27% of the RDIPotassium: 26% of the RDIManganese: 19% that the RDIMagnesium: 12% the the RDIPhosphorus: 12% the the RDINiacin: 12% the the RDIFolate: 12% that the RDI

Types of Potatoes

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The potato has actually over 200 varieties however they can be classified into seven types according come color and shape. 

Russet Potato – This large kind has a thick, stormy brown skin and pale flesh. It has actually a light and fluffy center and is best served as baked potato, mashed potato, and French fries.Red Potato – This type has a thin, red skin and stays firm transparent cooking. It is ideal used for preparing salads and soup and can be baked, grilled, or steamed.Yellow Potato – This type has thin, yellow skin and yellow flesh with creamy texture and buttery flavor. That is ideal for preparing small potato, mashed potato, salads, soup and also stews, and also grilled potato.White Potato – This type has thin, beige skin and also pale flesh. It also stays firm throughout cooking and also has a nutty flavor. That is finest used because that pan fried potatoes, soups and also stews, salads, French fries, and also steamed potatoes.Purple or Blue Potato – This type has dark purple (or blue) skin and also purple flesh. It has actually an earthy flavor and is finest used because that baked or steamed potatoes and salads.Fingerling Potato – This type has a selection of skin and flesh colors yet all have actually the same nutty and also buttery flavors. The is ideal used because that baked, pan fried, steamed, and also microwaved potatoes.Petite Potato – This type, i beg your pardon is harvested early, comes in different colors. That is the bite-size version of the bigger potato varieties.

Popular (and Unusual) uses of the Potato

The potato is generally eaten together a vegetable but it is additionally used for a range of purposes.

Side dish. The potato is famous for its might in preparing plenty of side dishes, such as French Fries and potato wedge.Medicine. The potato is used for addressing a range of health issues including love disease, indigestion, high blood pressure, and also osteoarthritis amongst others.Rust remover. The potato includes an acid that elevator rust even without scrubbing. Burn soother. The potato also contains antibacterial properties that help in healing minor burns. Fun art. The potato deserve to be provided to carve homemade stamps.Silverware cleaner. The water left ~ boiling potatoes have the right to be supplied to get rid of tarnish native silver.Stain remover. Rubbing a sliced potato have the right to remove berry stains on your hands.Salty-taste balancer. A braided soup deserve to be remedied by tossing in chunks that potato into the pot. After ~ 10 minutes, potato the chunks should be removed.Beauty aid.

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The potato deserve to be offered to minimize wrinkles and also blemishes. It can also be provided to revitalize and rejuvenate the skin.