The quick answer:
Yes, for details family members that accomplish usmam.org conditions, and who the usmam.org giver is not already obliged to provide for. So scholars unanimously concur the a guy cannot salary usmam.org to his parents, or come his wife, or dependence (young) children; though a wife deserve to (some scholars say “should,” in state of higher divine reward) offer to her husband. Usmam.org may accordingly be payment to all other close relatives that qualify for it, follow to the most endorsed and also best supported juristic opinions.
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The thorough answer:
There space three test concerns to determine if you deserve to pay usmam.org to a usmam.org-eligible family member:
Who is dispensing your usmam.org payment to the family member, friend or an authority/agency?
Are you together a usmam.org giver currently obligated in Islam to carry out for the living costs of the household member?
Is property of the wealth out of i beg your pardon you space paying her usmam.org consistent with the family member receiving the usmam.org payment?
Answering every of these inquiries will tell friend if the is permissible because that you come pay your usmam.org come a usmam.org-eligible family member.
Who Is dispensing the usmam.org payment to the family members member, girlfriend or one agency?
Let united state remember the a fully functioning usmam.org system has actually an authority assessing, collecting, and also dispensing usmam.org payments. In together a case, any relative that yours the the usmam.org government determines usmam.org eligible may receive usmam.org payments from it, even if you have paid her usmam.org right into it and regardless of your financial obligation for that relative, consisting of your wife, parents, and also dependent children.
Many the us currently pay our usmam.org to non-profit organizations, our own usmam.org foundation of America, because that example. In together a case, if a family member receive usmam.org payment native the agency we salary our usmam.org to, any kind of family member the is usmam.org-eligible might receive usmam.org native the foundation, even though you have actually paid your usmam.org into it.
How close is the family member you desire to pay her usmam.org to?
If the relative you desire to pay her usmam.org come is so far-off that you have no legal obligation in Islam to administer for his or her living expenses, you have the right to pay her usmam.org to them, also directly.
Some scholars encompass one’s grandparents and also grandchildren in the group of relatives too nearby to salary usmam.org to, however the spiritual Texts the the Quran and the hadith, or statements and record that the Prophet, ~ above him be peace, far better support defining close loved ones as the mam of a guy who is the usmam.org payer, and one’s children and parents.
The Quran, because that example, counts the houses of parents and also sons as the same, follow to Al-Qurtubi’s comment on the legal definition of the verse: there is no violation for yourselves if you openly eat from your ‘own’ families (Surat Al-Nur, 24:61). And the Prophet, on him be peace, famously stated to a man: ‘You and also your wealth belong to her father” (Al-Musnad); and also: “The finest food a man eats is the which is out of the man’s own earnings, and that of his boy is native his own earnings” (Tirmidhi).
The household, dependency, and also financial responsibility as criteria because that paying usmam.org come family
Muslim scholar disagree around the lawfulness of paying usmam.org to family members members who room a usmam.org payer’s siblings, brothers of the usmam.org payer’s parents, or various other relatives. However three criteria around paying usmam.org to these relations emerge among jurists:
Does the household member live v you in your household?
Is the family members member a gaue won dependent the yours?
Does Islam legally tie you come the assistance the family members member financially?
The an initial and second of these inquiries you deserve to answer straightforwardly for yourself (with the reminder that all scholars consider parents, dependence children, and also a man’s mam barred native receiving your straight usmam.org payment).
The 3rd question about Islam’s binding legal support of a household member will count upon even if it is you monitor a specific school the Islamic regulation or are content through the independent judgment of various other scholars.
If girlfriend adhere come the Hanbali school, its namesake’s position is that you space legally responsible to support anyone who deserve to inherit indigenous you, if that assistance is needed. One influential Hanbali scholar, Ibn Qudama, holds that Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s predominant place was the you deserve to pay usmam.org to your relatives even if you have actually financial obligation for them, excepting the agreed upon close relatives. This also is Abu Hanifa’s position.
Al-Shafi‘i add to grandparents and grandchildren in should close family members (parents, children, and also a man’s very own wife) who you be affected by each other financial responsibility for.
Malik paint, etc the circle of a usmam.org payer’s financial duty tighter, in ~ sons, until they with puberty; daughters, until they marry; parents, and a man’s wife.
Note that none that the scholar of top juristic institutions in Islam (even Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, if you take Ibn Qudama’s position) prohibit sister or brothers, or aunts or uncles in need of it from your usmam.org.
In addition, a variety of prominent Companions the the Prophet, top top him it is in peace, and also may Allah be pleased v them, and early scholars room cited sustaining the superiority of giving sadaqah, charity, even if it is voluntary or obligatory (meaning usmam.org) to relatives. Castle report the Prophet, top top him it is in peace, saying: “Sadaqah come the needy is merely sadaqah, while that is both sadaqah and a kindness to kin when given to relatives,” meaning it is double commendable in the eye of God (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidihi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah). The scholars note this prophetic Text provides no difference between compulsory and freewill offerings (the Quran uses the civilization ‘sadaqah’ both for voluntary charity and for obligatory usmam.org), or between relatives one have to support or others.
Ibn ‘Abbas supposedly said: “One should provide usmam.org to family members in need”. Al-Hasan (the Prophet’s grandson) enthusiastically affirmed one’s ideal to give usmam.org come a brother. Ibn Mas‘ud authorized his wife’s right to give usmam.org to orphans in her care. The at an early stage scholar recognized as Ibrahim permitted a mrs to provide usmam.org to she sister. The scholar Dahhak said: “One’s negative relatives have actually priority in one’s usmam.org over others”; and also the celebrated Quran commentator Mujahid pointedly states: “One’s usmam.org is not embraced if that is given to others once one has actually needy relatives (see Al-Amwal and Al-Musannaf because that these quotes).
Can a mam pay she usmam.org to she husband?
Yes, because while a husband is completely financially responsible for all his wife’s living expenses, a mam — also if she is rich and her husband is bad — has actually no duty to assistance her husband. Islam considers a wife’s intimacy through her husband for this reason close regarding make her together he is come himself, for it provides him together responsible for she living demands as he is because that his own. Hence, the Quran references the husband’s home as his wife’s home in the verse: hence you shall not expel them indigenous ‘their’ homes (Surat Al-Talaq, 65:1). The husbands duty to carry out for his wife’s living needs fully is the factor Islam prohibits the from payment his usmam.org to her, due to the fact that of his pre-existing prior responsibility to her.
Some jurisits, consisting of Abu Hanifa, disapprove of a wife paying usmam.org to her husband, top top account that this equivalency in between them, however in the case of usmam.org this analogy is incorrect, and also it is contradicted through a sound report the the approval that the Prophet, on him it is in peace, comment Zaynab’s (and another woman’s) query if she might give sadaqah, charity, to her impoverished husband, the esteemed Companion Abdullah ibn Mas’ud. He said: “Indeed, they have actually two rewards, one for kindnedss to kin and one for providing sadaqah.” many scholars, consisting of Abu Hanifa’s 2 most prominent students, say the native of this hadith indicate prophetic approval that a wife’s usmam.org to she husband. No various other Text prohibits this indigenous a wife, and also this text itself does no specify spontaneous sadaqah apart from usmam.org, again the Quran using the word ‘sadaqah’ because that both.
Some exemptions because that usmam.org come family
There space categories that usmam.org eligibility because that which a nearby relative have the right to receive usmam.org
One working in a usmam.org agency, paid through its collections.
One in debt (not recurring payments together in mortgage and the favor one is paying; the deceased v unpaid debt, according to some; and people in require of loans to stop interest).
A college student of religious knowledge (and medicine is component of the Shari‘ah, or religious knowledge).
A wayfarer, or traveler (one reduced off native funds; one who is a refugee, internally displaced, or an asylum seeker or asylee; one intended to start or continue a journey in public service or to benefit people (which may include specialized training); one homeless (eligible both as a traveler and poor); and an abandoned newborn, or kids separated from guardians).
One in need of emancipation (or freedom from incarceration), and also yes, the require for emancipation is still through us.
Summing up offering usmam.org to family
usmam.org payers have strong grounds to act on paying your usmam.org straight to relatives, except for a man’s wife, and one’s parents and children.
usmam.org payers do not advantage themselves materially by paying usmam.org to any relatives, through the exception of a man’s wife, and also one’s parents and also children.
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usmam.org payers can provide to their usmam.org-eligible relatives — which is strongly prefered by countless scholars — as lengthy as the usmam.org they give goes into the finish ownership the the recipient, i beg your pardon is no the situation with a male wife, and one’s parents and children, due to the fact that the usmam.org payer’s wealth, just in this latter three barred categories of relatives, plainly remains continuous with his or her very own wealth.
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