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Lee Burridge (1861-1915)
Lee Burridge to be an inventive genius and manufacturer, yet still perhaps the least recognized of typewriter inventors. He to be born in Paris, France on September 22, 1861, the son of Levi Spear, a noted dentist, and Emma Frances (Ogden) Burridge.
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After perfect his education and learning at Tunbridge Wells, England, Lee come to new York City in 1878. He conveniently directed his fist to making mechanically toys and in 1890 established the Sun production Co. To make use of these believe novelties.
Among his playthings were a go man and also a crawling doll - true marvels that his ingenuity (pic 2). In 1883 the American institute granted him award of merit. Lee personally pioneered numerous of the functions that he included into his various models. He obtained over 60 patents and also it is reported that he constructed virtually 700 various models.
Burridge directed lot of his efforts at simple the parts and also movements of the typewriter, a technological novelty in those days. Few of his advancements over the year were: a new inking device combining a little self-supplying octopus roll v a type-bar (pic 6); a counter-balance type bar, permit a really slight and also delicate touch come the keys; a clearly shows machine; a special type-bar machine operating 78 personalities with only 10 keys. This weird contraption, a patent drawing of which deserve to be checked out in pic 4, was never ever produced.
In between Toys, index machines and also Keyboard devices Lee found time to develop a stapler which he patented in 1897. The is not known if this was ever manufactured, yet a reduced of the stapler is shown in pic 3.
Lee and his brothers Frank incorporated the company in 1901. Likewise a nearby associate/mechanical engineer called Charles W. Howell was lugged on board. Mr. Howell was a technical advisor who facilitated perfecting Burridge"s inventions.
At about this exact same time the sunlight keyboard maker was born (pic 5). Its significant claim come fame was the squid reservoir, which was triggered each time a key would contact it on its method to the paper. Like its predecessor, this an equipment would be made in several various models, notably the design 2, 3 and also 4. The key-board models were reportedly the very first machines made v a sheet metal body instead of the usual cast iron frame. In 1907 the four-row version with ribbon was introduced.
Sun keyboard machines were fairly successful and also quite a couple of were made. One resource says lock were made up until the at an early stage 20"s. (For the machines, check the repertoire pages.)
Lee Burridge died at age 54 in new York City on might 4, 1915. At the moment of his pass his estate to be appraised at $91,000. His brothers Frank got $82,500. Fern Hines, no related, acquired $7,000. And also other smaller amounts were provided to various causes.
Burridge never married, but did regulate to leaving behind at least three tiny Suns, the index model and the two key-board models.
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(This post includes original research done by Ray thomas for the Typex news -Aug. 1998)