Book Report Structure Guide

Lab Report: A Short Guide on Structure

What is a lab report? As the name suggests, this is a paper mainly associated with science subjects where the learner breaks down the experiment they are conducting at that particular moment. It captures different elements of the experiment. This includes

  • the core objective of carrying out the experiment
  • and how the experiment was carried out, including all observations that were made.
  • Findings of the experiment and conclusions that defend the former. This also entails substantial demonstrations of why the results are relevant as well as the significance of the findings.

Once you have submitted your lab report, your instructor is equally looking to assess various elements of your paper. They are looking to examine.

  1. How well you have grasped the experiment. It includes how the test mainly took place and explanations to why the relevant observations were made.
  2. The importance of the experiment to the objectives of the test.
  3. Adhering to the proper lab report structure. This entails the format and presentation of the paper.

In this article, we shall look at the basic structure of the lab report.

What is Required in a Lab Report?

For most institutions, a lab report structure follows the general academic structure of such a paper. It is always prudent to reach out to your faculty to ensure that you have the appropriate guideline. In most cases, not the less, your instructor will have taken the time to guide you through the basic format.


It demonstrates the main objective of the experiment in a single sentence.


It gives a short overview of the experiment. To put it simply, it offers a broad and general summary of the experiment. It should be preferably written as the last section.


It offers the foundation of the experiment. It also entails all pertinent theories in the test. It should also include the relevant hypotheses and objectives of the test.


It is simply a breakdown of all the techniques and tools that will be employed during the experiment. This extends to outlining the processes and visual elements of the test set-up.

Results and Analysis

It is a presentation of the findings from the test, generally in diagrammatic formats. It also includes elaborating the results to create an analysis of the experiment.


It is an interpretation of the findings of the experiment. Hence, it also captures a summary of the results. More so, it includes providing recommendations for future research along with the same effect.


It reconciles the problem statement of the experiment to the findings obtained. It should also delineate what effects the experiment might yield in future.


This is a list of all external sources that you have used in the lab report. It should be coherent with the referencing style required by the instructor.


This section highlights the bits and parts that had too much information to include in the lab report.

From following this breakdown, you can rest assured that you will have nailed down the fundamental elements of a lab report.

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