Water help you chef under pressure.

You are watching: At higher temperatures food cooks faster because particles of food

Pressure food preparation is a very old cooking technique that’s proficient a current resurgence thanks to a new generation that cookers the promise a speedy, set-it-and-forget-it path to dinner. This devices, whether electric or stovetop, are all lot safer than those of decades ago (which had tendency to explode), v mechanisms to prevent them native accumulating too lot pressure. If you review the owner’s manual carefully, however, you will do it still find one crucial precaution to take it when cooking under pressure: including water. Water and also pressure cooking go hand in hand. In fact, the water the helps create the high-pressure atmosphere that makes your food chef faster.

Most press cooker indict state a minimum quantity of water forced for pressure cooking even a tiny amount of food. Within the tightly sealed press cooker, the water is heated and also eventually boils right into steam. Due to the fact that the vapor cannot escape, it collects over the food. All those trapped water molecules rise the push inside the cooker.


As temperature increases, gas molecules relocate faster, which rises the push inside the cooker.
So what carry out water and also pressure need to do with food preparation food faster? food preparation generally entails raising the temperature of food until chemical reactions take place, prefer those that failure the tough tissue in meat or soften the starch in vegetables. Those reactions normally happen faster at higher temperatures.

Imagine a standard pot complete of meat and also water. Together the pot is heated, the temperature inside rises until the waterstarts to boil. At that point, all the heat power goes right into boiling the water, and the temperature doesn’t rise unless all the water boils away—water in liquid kind cannot it is in a higher temperature than its cook point.

The exact same thing happens in a push cooker, yet the temperature within is lot higher. The temperature at which a fluid boils is dependent on the bordering pressure. When you chef in a continual pot in ~ atmospheric push (14.7 pounds per square inch ), water boils in ~ 100°C (212°F). Inside a push cooker, the pressure have the right to increase by secondary 15 psi, to almost 30 psi. At the pressure, water boils in ~ 121°C (250°F). That means food can cook at a much greater temperature 보다 it ever can at atmospheric pressure—and because cooking reactions rate up at greater temperatures, her food cooks faster. It additionally doesn’t dried out, due to the fact that the water stays in fluid form.

The same phenomenon explains whycookingat high altitudes have the right to be tricky. Air press decreases together you move higher above sea level. At reduced pressures, water boils at a lower temperature. That means something simmering far is cooking listed below 100°C (212°F) and also will take much longer to cook. At high altitudes, by elevating the pressure and also boiling point over what wake up at sea level, a pressure cooker have the right to really rise the reactions cooking your food.

Going further

Want to feel what’s it’s like under pressure? shot out the feeling Pressured scientific research Snack come experience simply a 10% rise in press on your body. In a pressure cooker, her food experiences a 100% increase!

Trying to chef rice in a pressure cooker? You’ll need to include less water than you frequently use. Because the push cooker is sealed, none will certainly evaporate, and also you only require to include enough water because that the rice come absorb. Learn more about what happens tothe water in her rice.

See more: How To Open The Hood On A Subaru Outback ? How To Open Hood Subaru

If you have actually a plastic syringe, you can obtain the push low sufficient so that water will certainly boil in your own hands.