L>Student resource Glossary
chapter 12
actinic keratosis A precancerous skin growth that wake up on sun-damaged skin.
albinism A genetic condition defined by a deficiency or the absence of colors in the skin, hair, and also irises of the eyes.
alopecia The partial or complete loss that hair that occurs most typically on the scalp; additionally known as baldness.
blepharoplasty The operation reduction the the upper and also lower eyelids by removing overfill fat, skin, and muscle; additionally known as a lid-lift.
bulla A large blister the is usually much more than one-half centimeter in diameter.
capillary hemangioma Soft, raised, pink or red vascular birthmark.
carbuncle A cluster of associated furuncles.
cellulitis an acute, rapidly spreading bacterial infection within the connective tissues the is defined by malaise, swelling, warmth, and red streaks.
chloasma A pigmentation disorder characterized by brownish point out on the face; also known together melasma or the mask that pregnancy.
cicatrix A regular scar result from the healing of a wound.
comedo A non-infected lesion developed by the buildup the sebum and also keratin in a hair follicle.
debridement The removal of dirt, foreign objects, damaged tissue, and cellular debris native a wound to stop infection and to promote healing.
dermatitis one inflammation the the skin.
diaphoresis Profuse sweating.
dysplastic nevi atypical moles the can build into skin cancer.
ecchymosis A large, rarely often, rarely area that purplish discoloration because of bleeding under the skin; likewise known as a bruise.
eczema A form of dermatitis usually identified by redness, itching and dryness, with possible blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding.
erythema Redness of the skin due to capillary dilation.
erythroderma Abnormal redness of the whole skin surface.
exanthem A extensive rash, typically in children.
exfoliative dermatitis A condition in which over there is extensive scaling of the skin often with pruritus, erythroderma, and hair loss.
folliculitis one inflammation that the hair follicles.
furuncles Large, tender, swollen locations caused by a staphylococcal infection around hair follicles or sebaceous glands; additionally known together boils.
granuloma A basic term offered to define small, knot-like swellings of granulation organization in the epidermis.
hematoma A ede of clotted blood trapped in the tissues; usually reason by one injury.
hirsutism The existence of too much body and also facial hair in women, usually emerging in a masculine pattern.
ichthyosis A team of hereditary disorders characterized by dry, thickened, and scaly skin.
impetigo A highly infectious bacterial skin epidemic that commonly occurs in children defined by isolated pustules that end up being crusted and rupture.
keloid an abnormally elevated or thickened scar the expands past the borders of the incision.
keratosis any kind of skin growth, such as a wart or a callus, in which there is overgrowth and also thickening of the skin.
koilonychia A malformation of the nails in i beg your pardon the external surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon.
lipedema A chronic abnormal problem that is identified by the build-up of fat and also fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and also legs.
lipoma A benign fat deposit under the skin that causes a bump.
macule A discolored level spot, such together a freckle, that is less than one centimeter in diameter.
malignant melanoma A kind of skin cancer the occurs in the melanocytes.
necrotizing fasciitis A significant infection brought about by group A strep bacteria, which is likewise known together flesh-eating bacteria.
onychocryptosis An structure toenail.
onychomycosis A fungal epidemic of the nail.
papilloma A benign, superficial wartlike expansion on the epithelial tissue or somewhere else in the human body such as in the bladder.
papule A small, increased red lesion that is less than one-half centimeter in diameter.
paronychia one acute or chronic infection of the skin fold approximately a nail.
pediculosis an infestation v lice.
petechiae little pinpoint hemorrhages the are less than 2 millimeters in diameter.
pruritus Itching linked with most creates of dermatitis.
psoriasis A usual skin disorder identified by flare-ups in i beg your pardon red papules room covered through silvery scales.
purpura The appearance of multiple violet discolorations ~ above the skin resulted in by bleeding under the skin.
purulent creating or comprise pus.
rhytidectomy The surgical removal of overabundance skin and also fat for the remove of wrinkles; likewise known as a facelift.
rosacea characterized by tiny red pimples and also broken blood vessels.
scabies A skin infection caused by one infestation v the itch mite.
scleroderma one autoimmune disorder in i m sorry the connective tissues become thickened and also hardened, leading to the skin to become hard and also swollen.
seborrhea Overactivity that the sebaceous glands that results in the manufacturing of an excessive amount of sebum.
squamous cabinet carcinoma Originates together a malignant tumor of the thin, scaly squamous cells of the epithelium; however, that can easily spread to various other body systems.
systemic lupus erythematosus one autoimmune disorder identified by a red, scaly rashes on the face and upper trunk; likewise known as lupus.
tinea A fungal infection that can flourish on the skin, hair, or nails.
urticaria Wheals led to by an allergy reaction; additionally known together hives.
verrucae Small, tough skin lesions caused by the person papilloma virus; likewise known together warts.
vitiligo A skin problem resulting indigenous the destruction of the melanocytes because of unknown causes.
wheal A little bump the itches and also often appears as a symptom of an allergy reaction.

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xeroderma Excessively dry skin.