prime numbers
A entirety number greater than 1 whose only totality number components are one and also itself. Examples: 2, 3, 5, etc.

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composite numbersA totality number better than 1 that has positive factors other than 1 and also itself. Examples: 4, 22, 35, etc
prime factorizationExpressing a whole number as a product of element numbers. Example: 54 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 3
factor treeA diagram used to write the element factorization that a number.
common factorA entirety number the is a aspect of two or more nonzero numbers.
greatest common factorThe greatest whole number that is a aspect of two or more nonzero entirety numbers.
numeratorThe number a in the portion a/b .
denominatorThe number b in the fraction a/b whereby b ≠ 0.
equivalent fractionsFractions that represent the exact same part-to-whole relationship. Identical fractions have actually the same simplest form.
simplest form (of a fraction)A portion in simplest kind of that is numerator and denominator have actually a greatest typical factor the 1.
relatively element numbersTwo or more nonzero totality numbers who greatest typical factor is 1.
multipleThe product of a number and also any nonzero entirety number.
common multipleA multiple the is mutual by 2 or an ext numbers.
least common multiple (LCM)The least number that is a usual multiple of two or more numbers.
lowest typical denominators (LCD)The least common multiple the the platform of two or more numbers.
mixed numberA number that has actually a totality number part and a fraction part.
proper fractionA portion whose molecule is less than that is denominator.
improper fractionA fraction whose molecule is greater than or same to that is denominator.
terminating decimalA decimal that has a last digit.
repeating decimalA decimal that has actually one or an ext digits the repeat there is no end.

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fractionA variety of the type a/b wherein b ≠ 0.